Archive for ‘Global’

August 13, 2017

Article: Turkey’s economy: The next casualty of Erdoğan’s state of emergency

Turkey’s economy: The next casualty of Erdoğan’s state of emergency

http://flip.it/-MMtdr

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November 8, 2016

Ini 10 Negara Termiskin dan Terbahaya di Dunia

Kampung halaman si Habib Riziek.. juara 1  negara termiskin dan terbahaya di dunia… Nggak heran dia mau ekspor pengalaman kampung halamannya di Indonesia.. Brengsek !

Senin, 7 November 2016 | 10:07 WIB

AFP/GettyWarga Yaman membawa barang-barang mereka melintasi bangunan yang telah hancur akibat serangan udara koalisi Arab Saudi di wilayah Hodeida, Yaman.

LONDON, KOMPAS.com – Institut riset The Legatum Institute yang berpusat di London, Inggris baru-baru ini merilis indeks global tahunan bertajuk Prosperity Index.

Survei terhadap 149 negara yang menyoal kemakmuran dan kesejahteraan ini memberi peringkat terhadap negara-negara paling makmur di dunia, serta yang paling iskin dan paling berbahaya di dunia.

Legatum Institute menggunakan indikator yang tidak umum dalam menyurvei, yakni 104 variabel.

Variabel biasa, seperti produk domestik bruto (PDB) per kapita dan jumlah penduduk yang bekerja penuh tetap digunakan. Selain itu, lembaga tersebut juga menggunakan variabel menarik seperti toleransi sosial dan kualitas internet suatu negara.

Variabel-variabel itu kemudian dibagi menjadi sembilan subindeks, antara lain kualitas ekonomi, iklim usaha, tata kelola pemerintah, pendidikan, kesehatan, keamanan, kebebasan individu, sumber daya sosial, dan kondisi alam.

The Legatum Institute pun memberi peringkat terhadap 10 negara termiskin di dunia, yang termasuk juga terbahaya dan paling tak sehat.

Mengutip Business Insider, Senin (7/11/2016) berikut daftarnya.

1. Yaman.

Terpukul akibat perang sipil, Yaman berada di urutan terbawah terkait subindeks ekonomi, kewirausahaan, dan tata kelola pemerintah. Yaman berada di urutan kedua terbawah dalam hal sumber daya sosial dan ketiga terbawah untuk kebebasan individu.

2. Afghanistan

Dilanda perang selama berdekade, tak mengherankan bila Afghanistan berada di urutan terbawah dalam kebebasan indivudu dan urutan ketiga terburuk dalam hal tata kelola pemerintah. Negara ini pun berada di urutan kedua negara termiskin di dunia.

3. Republik Afrika Tengah

Negara ini mengalami sedikit perbaikan dalam hal kesejahteraan, kini berada di urutan ketiga negara termiskin di dunia. Namun, Afrika Tengah berada pada urutan 10 terbawah dalam hampir semua subindeks.

4. Sudan

Sudan kini berada pada urutan keempat negara termiskin di dunia. Dalam hal kebebasan individu, negara ini berada pada urutan kedua terbawah.

5. Republik Demokratik Kongo

Negara ini berada pada urutan kedua sebagai negara paling tidak aman di dunia. Dalam hal sumber daya sosial, RDK berada pada peringkat 131. 6. Chad Tahun lalu, Chad berada pada urutan keempat negara termiskin di dunia, dengan demikian posisinya di urutan keenam ini merupakan sedikit perbaikan.

7. Irak

Sebagai salah satu wilayah yang diduduki ISIS, tidak heran bila Irak berada pada urutan tiga besar terbawah dalam hal keamanan. Dalam hal sumber daya sosial, Irak masuk sepuluh besar terbawah.

8. Mauritania

Negara di Afrika utara ini berada pada urutan kedelapan negara termiskin di dunia. Akan tetapi, bagusnya Mauritania menempati peringkat 82 dalam subindeks sumber daya sosial.

9. Angola

Legatum Institute menyatakan, Angola adalah negara kaya minyak, namun sayangnya miskin dan tak sejahtera. Negara di pantai barat Afrika ini menempati urutan kesembilan daftar negara termiskin dunia.

10. Burundi

Tahun lalu, Burundi berada pada urutan kelima negara termiskin di dunia. Negara ini berada pada urutan 101 dalam hal kebebasan individu, namun berada di urutan terbawah dalam hal sumber daya sosial.

September 7, 2016

Article: Saudi Arabia’s top cleric says Iran’s leaders ‘not Muslims’

Saudi Arabia’s top cleric says Iran’s leaders ‘not Muslims’ 
Saudi bahlul !

http://flip.it/LxHOX_

August 14, 2016

Saudi Arabia is losing the oil price war

Negeri yang dipimpin keluarga biadab nan konyol  akhirnya akan menemui  titik nadirnya 
 http://flip.it/yL1_Yd

August 8, 2016

Article: Military Success in Syria Gives Putin Upper Hand in U.S. Proxy War

Military Success in Syria Gives Putin Upper Hand in U.S. Proxy War

http://flip.it/he2LL

July 16, 2016

Article: What Economic Recovery? 62% of Americans Don’t Even Have $1000 in Savings

Gimana dgn orang Indonesia terkenal konsumtif abis dan doyan pamer kekayaan. Lihat saja Tunjangan Hari Raya dipakai utk hambur hamburan membeli barang tidak esensial.  Setelah itu bokek ! 

What Economic Recovery? 62% of Americans Don’t Even Have $1000 in Savings

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May 31, 2015

Ini Penyebab Banyak Orang Indonesia Ingin Gabung ISIS Menurut Ulama Suriah

Sponsored linksMinggu, 31/05/2015 14:15 WIB

Laporan dari Istanbul
M Iqbal – detikNews
Istanbul – Kemunculan gerakan ISIS (Islamic State of Iraq and Syria) ‎mendapat penolakan dari pemerintah Indonesia. Namun di saat yang sama, banyak orang muslim Indonesia ingin bergabung dengan ISIS. Ulama Suriah Abdullah Mustafa Rahhal menyebut banyak penyebab mengapa orang bergabung ISIS. Apa saja?
“Pertama, ketidaktahuan mereka tentang kondisi sesungguhnya ISIS. Kebanyakan mereka yang bergabung ISIS berasal dari luar Suriah, sementara di dalam Suriah tidak ada yang bersimpati dengan ISIS,” kata ulama Suriah Syaikh Abdullah Mustafa Rahhal saat berdiskusi ‎dengan Forum Indonesia Peduli Syam yang dihadiri detikcom di Istanbul, Turki, Sabtu (30/5/2015).
Menurut tokoh yang tinggal di Idlib, Suriah, itu masyarakat Suriah terutama pemuda-pemuda, sudah tahu dan menyaksikan sendiri kekejaman dan penyimpangan ISIS selama ini. Mereka membunuh, memperkosa wanita, menghancurkan bangunan dan‎ menyiksa masyarakat sipil.
“Mereka yang di luar tidak tahu apa-apa tentang ISIS di lapangan, hanya mengetahui dari media-media propaganda ISIS yang menampilkan hal-hal positif tentang cita-cita negara Islam, sehingga ini tetap menarik bagi mereka,” paparnya.
“Apalagi bagi Indonesia ada propaganda anti-ISIS. Ini menjadi alasan sebagian pemuda jihadis (Indonesia) yang juga anti pemerintahan (karena menolak ISIS) untuk bergabung. Mereka anggap musuh pemerintah berarti musuh mujahidin,” tegas Abdullah.
Penyebab kedua, mereka tergiur dengan uang atau gaji berkali lipat yang dijanjikan jika mereka dapat bergabung dengan ISIS. Hal ini pernah diungkap juga oleh pemerintah Indonesia, saat beberapa warga Indonesia berada di Turki dikembalikan karena diduga ingin bergabung ISIS.
“ISIS sanggup memberikan gaji US$ 400-500 per bulan tiap orang. Dari mana mereka mendapatkan uang? Uang ini melimpah ke ISIS datang dari rezim Suriah. Kedua, mereka dapatkan uang melimpah dari intelijen internasional. Ketiga, dapat dari hasil penjualan minyak dari ladang-ladang yang mereka kuasai,” beber ulama yang memimpin sekolah bagi 5.000 generasi muda di Idlib itu.Next »

 Sumber dana ketiga dari penguasaan ladang minyak, menurutnya tak lebih dari ‘kongkalikong’ dengan rezim Suriah. ‎Bagaimana mungkin lokasi strategis itu dengan mudah diambil ISIS, jika mendapat penjagaan ketat pemerintah yang memiliki militer kuat.
“Selain itu, ditambah dengan bergabungnya para residivis. Penjara-penjara di Suriah ini banyak residivis, mereka dibebaskan untuk bergabung ke ISIS untuk memenuhi syahwat mereka, memperkosa, membunuhi orang, apalagi ditambah insentif uang yang besar,” ujarnya.
Abdullah menjelaskan bahwa sejak awal kemunculannya, ulama-ulama di Suriah sudah mengetahui ISIS adalah propaganda intelejen internasional untuk menjatuhkan citra Islam, juga untuk membantu rezim Bashar menghentikan perlawanan rakyat Suriah.
“Kami sendiri yang menangkap anggota ISIS, bahkan bukan hanya orang biasa, tapi pemimpin-pemimpinnya. Mereka yang kami tangkap jika tidak perwira militer pemerintahan, atau perwira dari Iran atau Rusia kemudian dari intelejen Garda Nasional Suriah. Mereka berasal dari sana,” paparnya dalam bahasa Arab.
“Kalau memang tujuannya sama bersama kita (rakyat Suriah), pasti mereka akan berperang memerangi rezim. Tapi mereka tidak sama sekali. Bahkan mereka seperti ada langsung koordinasi dengan tentara rezim,” ungkapnya.
Syaikh Abdullah lalu meminta agar warga Indonesia yang diketahuinya sebagai pemeluk muslim terbesar di dunia dan sensitif dengan isu agama, agar kritis dan berhati-hati menyikapi isu ISIS. Terlebih saat isu ini menutup isu kemanusiaan akibat penindasan rezim Bashar yang sudah menewaskan lebih dari 300 ribu sipil.
“Saya secara khusus meminta sebagai orang yang mengalami langsung di Suriah, kami meminta saudara semua mengingatkan pemuda Indonesia untuk tidak ikut-ikutan bergabung ISIS. Sebab apa yang mereka lakukan justru untuk menghancurkan Islam,” imbaunya.
“Memang selubungnya Islam seolah indah dengan simbol-simbol Islam, bendera dan sebagainya, tapi isinya untuk menghancurkan Islam,” tegas Abdullah.

March 30, 2015

Tiongkok Nomor Satu Kalahkan AS, Jokowi Hendak Belajar Apa dan Apakah Bisa?

Hmm belajar Nothing.. Sudah jelas kok. China kuat karena LANDASAN INDUSTRIALISASINYA KUAT. Awal industrialisasi mereka adalah memperkuat industri dasar ( bandingkan dengan Indo.. kilang kagak ada yang benar, industri baja hanya Krakatau Steel,(yang produksinya dari tahun 80an sampai sekarang segitu gitu aja) dan kedua adalah Pendidikan.. Ilmu PENGETAHUAN ALAM dan ILMU PASTI  diberikan dari sekolah daasar..( coba bandingin sama Indo  YANG ADA PENDIDIKAN AGAMA SAMPAI SMA walhasil sudah tua doyan korup atau jadi teroris ampun !) KETIGA Adalah PENEGAKAN HUKUM keras.. lah urusan KAPOLRI dan KPK saja belum beres…belum lagi Pengadilan Indonesia punya koleksi  HAKIM macam si SARPIN.. Cilaka 15 deh negeri tercinta ini..

Apa yang bisa dipelajari dari Tiongkok untuk mempercepat pembangunan di Indonesia? Begitulah pertanyaan yang mengemuka ketika Presiden Joko Widodo berkunjung ke Tiongkok pekan lalu untuk menjalin kerja sama dan menarik investor dari negara tersebut.

Presiden Joko Widodo  berbicara pada Forum Kerja Sama Ekonomi  Indonesia-Tiongkok, Jumat (27/3) di Beijing, Tiongkok.
REUTERS/FENG LI/POOLPresiden Joko Widodo berbicara pada Forum Kerja Sama Ekonomi Indonesia-Tiongkok, Jumat (27/3) di Beijing, Tiongkok.

Dari data yang digelar harian Kompas, tiap tahun defisit perdagangan dengan Tiongkok selalu bertambah besar. Neraca perdagangan Indonesia dengan Tiongkok tahun 2010 sebesar -5,6 juta dollar AS, sedangkan pada 2014 meningkat hampir tiga kali lipat menjadi -14 juta dollar AS. Kita lebih banyak menyetor ke Tiongkok bahan-bahan mentah karet, sawit, dan kakao. Sementara Tiongkok memasukkan mesin dan berbagai peralatan listrik ke negara kita.

Di depan pemerintah dan pengusaha Tiongkok, Jokowi menjelaskan berbagai proyek kerja sama infrastruktur, mulai dari kawasan industri, kawasan ekonomi khusus, jalan tol, pelabuhan, tol laut, bandara, rel kereta api, hingga pembangkit tenaga listrik.

Kebangkitan ekonomi Tiongkok memang menakjubkan. Rakyatnya menikmati kue pertumbuhan ekonomi yang relatif tinggi, berada di angka 7-10 persen per tahun. Menurut Bank Dunia, perekonomian Tiongkok dalam posisi mengejar Amerika Serikat untuk menjadi nomor satu. Tahun 2005, produk domestik bruto (PDB) Tiongkok hanya 43,1 persen dari total PDB Amerika Serikat. Enam tahun kemudian, tahun 2011, jumlahnya naik dua kali lipat menjadi 86,9 persen. PDB Tiongkok tahun itu mencapai 13,5 triliun dollar AS, sedangkan Amerika Serikat 15,5 triliun.

Bank Dunia tahun 2012 (lembaga internasional lain memprediksi 2020) lantas meramalkan, pada tahun 2016 nanti, PDB Tiongkok akan melampaui Amerika Serikat. Namun, pendapatan per kapitanya masih selisih jauh. Tahun itu, pendapatan per kapita Tiongkok 10.000 dollar AS per tahun, sementara Amerika Serikat sudah 49.800 dollar AS.

Prediksi Bank Dunia dan lembaga internasional lain tentang perekonomian Tiongkok meleset. Tak usah menunggu sampai 2020, pada awal 2015, kedigdayaan Amerika Serikat sebagai pemimpin ekonomi dunia nomor satu runtuh.

Menurut Dana Moneter Internasional (IMF), pada akhir Desember lalu, PDB Tiongkok mencapai 17,6 triliun dollar AS, melampaui Amerika Serikat yang 17,4 triliun dollar AS. Analisis Josep E Stiglitz dalam Vanity Fair edisi Januari 2015 berjudul “The Chinese Century”, antara lain, mengatakan, Tiongkok mengambil alih posisi nomor satu dari Amerika Serikat tanpa gembar-gembor dan predikat itu akan sulit diambil alih lagi oleh Amerika Serikat. Bahkan, mungkin akan selamanya Tiongkok menjadi nomor satu dunia.

Pemerintahan Jokowi tentu saja melihat dengan jelas perubahan konstelasi perekonomian dunia ini. Apakah Tiongkok mengalahkan Amerika Serikat atau tidak mungkin tidak begitu penting bagi Jokowi. Ini karena dominasi Tiongkok di negara kita sudah lama dirasakan, jauh sebelum mereka mengalahkan Amerika Serikat. Bukankah sulit sekali kita mencari barang yang bukan buatan Tiongkok (made in China) di pasar tradisional sampai mal mewah? Harapan pemerintah dan kita semua, dengan pendekatan kepada Tiongkok, negara kita tidak hanya dijadikan target pemasaran.

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Mungkin Tiongkok tidak suka gembar-gembor, tetapi sangat jelas mereka mempunyai peta jalan untuk menjadi pemimpin nomor satu. Mereka percaya bahwa jalan mereka yang benar bukan jalan demokrasi ala Amerika Serikat. Mereka dengan percaya diri mempromosikan keberhasilan mereka ke negara-negara lain. Hal itu terbukti ketika harian Kompas mendapat undangan untuk mengunjungi Tiongkok tiga tahun lalu melalui koran pemerintah, People’s Daily.

Bersiap naik kereta api cepat Tiongkok.
KOMPAS/BAMBANG SIGAP SUMANTRI
Suasana di gerbong kereta api cepat Tiongkok.
KOMPAS/BAMBANG SIGAP SUMANTRI

Tiap tahun, Pemerintah Tiongkok secara rutin mengundang sepuluh wartawan di kawasan Asia Tenggara plus negara-negara Asia lain (Korea, Jepang, dan India) untuk mengamati kemajuan ekonomi negara tersebut secara langsung.

Selain diminta untuk membuat presentasi jurnalistik dan berdiskusi dengan editor-editor Tiongkok, kami sebagai tamu juga diajak keliling menikmati pameran kemajuan negara tersebut. Pembangunan infrastruktur negara tersebut memang luar biasa. Jalan yang mulus serta lebar terus dibangun. Rel kereta api, pelabuhan, dan bandara kini sudah menjadi modern.

Salah satu yang luar biasa adalah bagaimana mereka mampu membuat kereta cepat yang tak kalah dengan kereta TGV Perancis ataupun Shinkansen Jepang. Kereta api cepat yang kami tumpangi dari Beijing ke Guangdong mampu mencapai kecepatan 302 kilometer per jam dan dengan bangganya mereka menampilkan kecepatan itu di monitor di gerbong kereta.

Penumpang di dalam gerbong kereta api cepat Tiongkok.
KOMPAS/BAMBANG SIGAP SUMANTRI
Stasiun kereta api Beijing yang bersih dan berkesan modern.
KOMPAS/BAMBANG SIGAP SUMANTRI

Jalan yang ditempuh Tiongkok memang unik. Keberhasilan pembangunan ekonomi mereka justru ditopang oleh ideologi komunis dan hanya memberi ruang kecil terhadap gagasan demokrasi. Negara berkuasa penuh mengendalikan media dan kebebasan sangat dibatasi. Hal ini berbeda dengan Amerika Serikat, juga Indonesia, yang kini dikenal sebagai negara yang sangat demokratis.

Soal pembebasan lahan untuk infrastruktur, misalnya, dengan kekuasaan atas nama negara, Tiongkok lebih mudah menjalankannya. Dengan bekal dan landasan politik seperti itu, Pemerintah Tiongkok juga bisa bertindak lebih tegas. Untuk negara kita, pasti perlu waktu dan tenaga yang jauh lebih banyak untuk bisa berhasil.

January 17, 2014

Citra Singapura bersih dan bandar judi bola

Citra Singapur terkenal dengan  pemerintahan bersih, dan  disiplin profesional  . Tapi citra itu memang untuk konsumsi warga dunia.  Dibalik tirai citra itu mulai terkuak praktek praktek licik yang suka dilakukan oleh pemerintah, perusahaan dan juga masyarakat Singapore. Bagi kelas menengah Indonesia mungkin sudah tak asing lagi, karena negeri pulau itu melindungi kriminil dan koruptor yang membawa lari uang rakyat. Hampir semua koruptor Indonesia bertransaksi menggunakan bank di Singapore dan juga mata uang dollar Singapura, selain mereka juga menghamburkan duit hasil korupsinya di kasino Sands Singapur, seperti yang dilakukan oleh klan Atut .  Praktek licik menutupi  pembunuhan mahasiswa cerdas asal  Indonesia David-Hartanto-Widjaja juga tidak akan dilupakan begitu saja. 

Sekarang  warga dunia  penggemar sepakbola dan khususnya yang doyan judi bola , juga mulai sadar bahwa selama ini  taruhan judi bola pertandingannya sudah diatur rapih hasil akhirnya oleh para bandar judi yang berdomisili di Singapura.  Praktek curang  ini rupanya memang sudah berlangsung lama, dan sepertinya dibiarkan saja berlangsung oleh Pemerintah Singapur yang terkenal bersih itu. Neil Humphreys, jurnalis /penulis sepak bola asal Inggiris yang meraih sukses dengan buku novel  Match Fixer, menyangsikan niat pemerintah negeri pulau itu untuk membereskan praktek licik ini seperti yang dia tuangkan dalam tulisan di bawah ini: 

 

Can Singapore tackle its match-fixing stain?

Eric Ding, accused of match fixing in Singapore Eric Ding (C), a nightclub owner, is facing trial for match-fixing in Singapore

Singapore, South East Asia’s wealthy island city-state, has a reputation for being safe and stable. Its squeaky-clean image, however, only goes skin deep, argues British writer and journalist Neil Humphreys, who has tracked Singapore’s football match-fixing for many years.

 

On Halloween, the spectre of match fixing returns to Singapore when a nightclub owner appears in court in a trial featuring sex, prostitutes, bribery, three football officials, and an alleged criminal betting syndicate.

Eric Ding is accused of providing prostitutes for a Lebanese referee and his two assistants in return for fixing an international match in the Asian Football Confederation (AFC) Cup.

The Lebanese trio arrived in Singapore in April last year to officiate at a match between Singapore’s Tampines Rovers and East Bengal of India.

However, they never made it to the pitch. Instead, they were picked up by Singapore’s Corrupt Practices Investigation Bureau (CPIB) and led away in handcuffs.

A year earlier, Ali Sabbagh, the referee, met 31-year-old Mr Ding in a Beirut cafe where he alleges he was told that match fixing would make him “more money in one year… than he would as an AFC referee in 10 years”.

Fixers can target officials, players, managers and even employees with a national football association to help arrange bogus friendlies but Mr Ding allegedly took a simpler route.

According to Ali Sabbagh’s court testimony, Mr Ding sent him “20 to 30” YouTube videos to watch. Mr Ding also allegedly told him that the easiest way to rig a game’s outcome was to award some penalties.

Continue reading the main story

Singapore’s long match-fixing history

Hang pushing money into a football
  • 1994 Singapore is first nation to convict a FIFA referee, T Rajamanickam, for match fixing.
  • 1995 Singapore-based footballers Abbas Saad and Michal Vana found guilty of conspiracy to fix results in the Malaysian Premier League competition.
  • 1995 Wilson Raj Perumal jailed in Singapore for a year for bribing a football team captain to lose a match.
  • 2001 Singapore’s professional football league, the S-League, becomes the first to introduce compulsory polygraph tests for players.
  • 2009 Zimbabwe Football Association’s (Zifa) concludes that national team players were paid to lose matches by an Asian betting syndicate.
  • September 2010 Perumal, posing as an accredited match agent, fixes a friendly between Bahrain and Togo, a team entirely made up of imposters.
  • November 2010 In Italy, Cremonese goalkeeper, Marco Paolini, spikes his team’s water bottles so that they lose a match. The third division side suddenly felt tired in a game against Paganese. One player crashed his car on the way home.
  • April 2011 Fifa’s then head of security, Chris Eaton, tells The New Paper in Singapore that Fifa had unearthed an “an academy” of match-fixers in the country.
  • June 2011 In a Finnish courtroom, Perumal claims to be one of six key members of a multinational match-fixing consortium and earned five to six million euros.
  • February 2012 Perumal completes a year of his sentence and is extradited to Hungary. Under house arrest, he continues to assist Hungarian authorities with their match-fixing probe.
  • February 2013 Europol investigators claim that 680 matches worldwide were fixed by syndicates with links to Singapore and Dan Tan.
  • June 2013 In Singapore, three Lebanese match officials found guilty of accepting sex as an inducement to rig an AFC match. All three are jailed.
  • September 2013 Six members of Victorian Premier League Southern Stars arrested in Australia and charged over an alleged international match-fixing ring.
  • September 2013 Fourteen individuals with alleged links to a match-fixing syndicate, including its leader, are arrested following a 12-hour operation in Singapore. Local media reports that Dan Tan is the “leader” arrested.

Disputed spot-kicks can be blamed on human error, rather than a corrupt official.

According to state prosecutors, at one of these meetings the Lebanese referee was offered a choice of Colombian or Asian girls. He asked for “tall Asian girls”.

Eventually all three pleaded guilty to accepting free sex to throw the game. Mr Sabbagh, who had been a full international Fifa referee since 2008, sobbed in court as he was handed a six-month jail sentence in June.

Prolific match fixers

Whatever the outcome of Mr Ding’s trial, which resumes 31 October, his case is just the latest in Singapore’s continuing struggle to disentangle itself from the unwanted reputation of being the engine that drives international football corruption.

In the past 40 years, there has been a succession of court cases involving Singapore-based match-fixing syndicates.

While the city-state remains better known as a magnet for multinational corporations and enterprising expatriates, Singapore has also attracted some of the world’s most prolific match-fixers.

Taking advantage of the globalisation of football and the explosion of illegal betting markets in Asia, these men are capable of rigging games everywhere from Eastern Europe to the Middle East and from the Asian Champions League to the Uefa Champions League.

As Subhas Anandan, Singapore’s high-profile criminal lawyer who has defended several match-fixers over the years, once told me: “At any given time, there are always a couple of match-fixers in the air, flying somewhere to fix a game.”

Worldwide problem

Last month Singapore authorities arrested what the head of Interpol described as “the mastermind and leader of the world’s most notorious match-fixing syndicate”.

In all, 14 people were arrested, including the alleged mastermind, Dan Tan, who has been linked to match-fixing in Singapore since the 1990s.

Dan Tan has been the focus of global speculation since February 2013, when anti-crime agency Europol released details of its long-running match-fixing probe. It claimed to have uncovered 680 suspicious football matches across the world, including World Cup and European Championship qualifiers and two Champions League games.

Italian investigation papers, obtained by Singapore’s The New Paper, detail Dan Tan’s alleged involvement in the rigging of 33 matches in Italy’s top two leagues, Serie A and Serie B, over the last two years.

This included a game where an Italian goalkeeper with gambling debts drugged his entire team to lose the match.

According to Italian investigators, up to two million euros ($2.7 million) was bet on one of the rigged matches through the use of Asian betting websites.

Arrest warrants for Mr Tan are still active in Europe but his own country got to him first.

The September arrests by the Singaporean authorities are notable for their scale and decisiveness. Since the Europol allegations in February, the city state had been accused of ignoring the match-fixing gangs in its midst and perhaps glossing over its gambling problems.

Continue reading the main story

“Start Quote

Paul Parker

Professional footballers (have told) me they think they’ve played in fixed games”

Paul ParkerFormer England player

Trillion dollar business

Despite Singapore’s reputation as one of the world’s least corrupt nations, it also has a long-standing, deeply entrenched gambling culture.

As early as 1820, the first British Resident and Commandant of Singapore, William Farquhar, sold gambling licences to satisfy demand and raise revenue.

Little has changed. In 2006 Singapore granted gaming licences to two international casino operators.

This legal gambling is expected to contribute several billion dollars to Singapore’s economy by 2015.

However, the sums involved in illegal gambling could be huge. Conservative estimates suggest only 20-30% of all bets placed in Singapore are legal.

The rest goes to the illegal bookies and online sites established off-shore in territories such as China, Hong Kong, Macau and Vietnam.

According to one estimate, betting outlay in South-East Asia is some 30-50 times greater than Europe where annual revenues were 85 billion euros in 2011.

Interpol has called match-fixing a trillion-dollar industry.

A row of gambling machines in Singapore's first casino that opened in 2010A row of gambling machines in Singapore’s first casino that opened in 2010

Having played for Manchester United and England, Paul Parker thought he had seen it all. Two Premier League titles and a World Cup semi-final, the retired English full-back never thought of himself as naive. But Singapore opened his eyes.

“In 17 years playing football in the UK, I never heard a single allegation about match-fixing. In three years in Singapore, those allegations have now reached double figures,” said Mr Parker, who runs a football academy in Singapore.

“I’ve had professional footballers tell me they think they’ve played in fixed games.”

Faking an entire football team

But last month’s arrests and Mr Ding’s trial indicate a decisive shift in both public perception among Singaporeans and the prioritising of match-fixing investigations. Singapore is growing weary of its unsavoury reputation. Authorities are promoting a zero-tolerance policy of the syndicates and jittery match-fixers are turning on each other.

Observers say Mr Tan’s name only emerged as the central focus of international investigations after Wilson Raj Perumal, one of Singapore’s more notorious match fixers, was arrested abroad.

Cutting his teeth as a match-fixer in the regional Malaysia Cup tournament in the 1990s, Perumal picked up a string of convictions for bribing football officials, as well as attacking two players with a baseball bat.

His activity was fuelled in part by the explosion of satellite television beaming matches into Asian living rooms. Singtel, the main Premier League pay TV platform, dedicates nine channels to its football content, showing all 380 matches live. TV audiences for top fixtures can be anything from 300,000 to 500,000.

The surge in international football’s popularity in the region left men like Perumal well-placed to profit.

In 2010, posing as a Fifa match agent, he organised an entire, fake Togolese national team to play in a rigged game against Bahrain. But in February 2011, he was arrested and convicted of trying to bribe players and officials in the Finnish league. He received a two-year sentence.

Convinced that the Finnish authorities had been tipped off by other match-fixing associates, he began to reveal details of his extraordinary exploits.

Football with player' legs in backgroundPolice around the world have found evidence of match fixing in many countries

In February 2012, he was taken to Hungary where he was also wanted. He is currently under house arrest aiding their enquiries.

More work to do

In fairness to the Football Association of Singapore and the CPIB, Singapore was the first nation to convict a Fifa referee for match-fixing in 1994. The city-state was also the first to introduce random, but compulsory, lie detector tests for footballers in 2001.

And that appears to be the case with Dan Tan. His alleged syndicate was under surveillance for some time as Singapore’s law enforcement agencies gathered enough evidence before taking action in a bid to take down the entire match-fixing ring.

Following the arrests, the CPIB and the Singapore Police Force issued a joint statement: “Singapore is committed to eradicate match-fixing as a transnational crime … (and) will continue to work with (Interpol) … and the global community in our fight against global match-fixing.”

Much of their evidence is still likely to come from the men in the middle. The convicted Lebanese officials may assist Singaporean authorities in the case against Mr Ding. Perumal is still talking to Hungarian officials. When he’s done, the Italians would like a word.

But whatever happens to Perumal – and Mr Ding in the coming weeks – this isn’t the end of Singapore’s links to international football corruption. It’s barely the beginning.

The match-fixers are proving to be the most stubborn of stains on Singapore’s otherwise clean image. They cannot be entirely scrubbed away.

Neil Humphreys is a Singapore-based football writer and author of the best-selling novel Match Fixer

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January 7, 2014

BRIC Memudar, Barisan MINT Jadi Primadona Ekonomi Global: Jim O`Neill

Monday, January 06, 2014       20:38 WIB
 
 

Jim O’Neill (Reuters)

Ipotnews – Kilau kelompok kekuatan ekonomi BRIC – Brasil, Rusia, India, dan China – mulai memudar dan akan segera digantikan kekuatan ekonomi baru berikutnya yang disebut MINT, terdiri dari Meksiko, Indonesia, Nigeria, dan Turki. Hal ini dikatakan oleh Jim O`neill, mantan ekonom kepala Goldman Sachs yang memperkenalkan akronim BRIC pada 2001.

O`Neill , seperti diberitakan ibtimes.co.uk, Senin (6/1), menyatakan bahwa barisan negara-negara MINT memiliki sejumlah keunggulan yang akan membawa mereka ke puncak klasemen ekonomi global jika mereka bis menggali potensi yang dimiliki. Keunggulan itu antara lain, memiliki populasi muda, memiliki posisi geografis strategis, dan – kontras dengan negara-negara BRIC – tiga dari anggota MINT merupakan produsen komoditas.

Dalam artikelnya untuk laman berita BBC, O`Neill memaparkan keunggulan masing-masing negara MINT.

Meksiko, kata dia, sangat beruntung dekat dengan Amerika Serikat secara geografis, Indonesia memiliki posisi utama di Asia Tenggara yang merupakan pusat pertumbuhan ekonomi global dalam beberapa tahun terakhir sekaligus memiliki keterkaitan langsung dengan China.

Tiga dari negara MINT, yakni Meksiko, Indonesia, dan Nigeria, merupakan produsen komoditas. Sedangkan di BRIC hanya Rusia dan Brasil yang bisa mengandalkan kekayaan alamnya. Tambahan lagi, untuk Meksiko dan Nigeria, tengah melakukan reformasi pasar energi mereka.

MINT Vs BRIC

Menurut O`Neill, Meksiko dan Turki berada pada tingkat yang sama dalam hal pendapatan perkapita (GDP) saat ini, yaitu USD10 ribu, sedangkan Indonesia baru USD3.500, dan Nigeria memiliki tingkat GDP yang sama dengan India yang sebesar USD1.500. Bandingkan juga dengan Brasil yang sebesar USD11.300, Rusia USD14 ribu, dan China USD6.500.

Nigeria dan Turki, lanjut dia memiliki kesempatan terbaik untuk mengejutkan dunia, asalkan kedua negara bisa mengatasi persoalan-persoalan domestik mereka. Adapun Meksiko kemungkinan bisa mengecewakan karena terlalu tingginya ekspektasi global terhadap negara ini.

Khusus Indonesia, O`Neill melihat betapa pentingnya peningkatan infrastruktur sehingga bisa lebih dinamis dalam menggali potensi yang ada.

O`Neill memperkirakan, butuh waktu 30 tahun bagi MINT untuk bergabung dalam 10 besar ekonomi terbesar dunia.(ha)

 

The Mint countries: Next economic giants?

Ikea store in Jakarta under construction Building an Ikea for the 28 million people living in greater Jakarta

In 2001 the world began talking about the Bric countries – Brazil, Russia, India and China – as potential powerhouses of the world economy. The term was coined by economist Jim O’Neill, who has now identified the “Mint” countries – Mexico, Indonesia, Nigeria and Turkey – as emerging economic giants. Here he explains why.

So what is it about the so-called Mint countries that makes them so special? Why these four countries?

A friend who has followed the Bric story noted sardonically that they are probably “fresher” than the Brics. What they really share beyond having a lot of people, is that at least for the next 20 years, they have really good “inner” demographics – they are all going to see a rise in the number of people eligible to work relative to those not working.

This is the envy of many developed countries but also two of the Bric countries, China and Russia. So, if Mexico, Indonesia, Nigeria and Turkey get their act together, some of them could match Chinese-style double-digit rates between 2003 and 2008.

GDP in 2012 and 2050

Something else three of them share, which Mexican Foreign Minister Jose Antonio Meade Kuribrena pointed out to me, is that they all have geographical positions that should be an advantage as patterns of world trade change.

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Jim O'Neill
  • Listen to the first episode of MINT: The Next Economic Giants on BBC Radio 4 on Monday 6 January from 09:00 GMT

For example, Mexico is next door to the US, but also Latin America. Indonesia is in the heart of South-east Asia but also has deep connections with China.

And as we all know, Turkey is in both the West and East. Nigeria is not really similar in this regard for now, partly because of Africa’s lack of development, but it could be in the future if African countries stop fighting and trade with each other.

This might in fact be the basis for the Mint countries developing their own economic-political club just as the Bric countries did – one of the biggest surprises of the whole Bric thing for me. I can smell the possibility of a Mint club already.

What I also realised after talking to Meade Kuribrena, is that the creation of the Mint acronym could spur pressure for Nigeria to become a member of the G20, as the other Mints already are.

This was something the charismatic Nigerian finance minister, Ngozi Okonjo-Iweala was keen to talk about: “We know our time will come,” she said. “We think they are missing something by not having us.”

Meade Kuribrena went so far as to suggest that, as a group of four countries, the Mints have more in common than the Brics. I am not sure about that, but it is an interesting idea.

Economically three of them – Mexico, Indonesia and Nigeria – are commodity producers and only Turkey isn’t. This contrasts with the Bric countries where two – Brazil and Russia – are commodity producers and the other two – China and India – aren’t.

In terms of wealth, Mexico and Turkey are at about the same level, earning annually about $10,000 (£6,100) per head. This compares with $3,500 (£2,100) per head in Indonesia and $1,500 (£900) per head in Nigeria, which is on a par with India. They are a bit behind Russia – $14,000 (£8,500) per head – and Brazil on $11,300 (£6,800), but still a bit ahead of China – $6,000 (£3,600).

Projected growth in average income (thousands $)

  2000 2012 2050 (projected)

Sources: IMF, Goldman Sachs

Mexico

7.0

10.6

48.0

Indonesia

0.8

3.6

21.0

Nigeria

0.2

1.4

12.6

Turkey

4.1

10.6

48.5

A big question that guided my thinking on visits to these countries for the BBC was – “How do these countries actually feel on the ground, compared to my own expectations and the general consensus of opinion?”

When expectations are low – as one might generally say about Nigeria for example (although not in recent years among specialist investors in Africa) – it is easier to be positively surprised.

But the opposite is also true – and this could be a problem for Mexico, which financial investors are really quite excited about.

Oil rigs in the Gulf of Mexico Mexico owes much of its rising wealth to the oil which it sits on, especially offshore oil

I returned from my travels thinking it won’t be so difficult for Nigeria and Turkey to positively surprise people, as many put far too much weight on the negative issues that are well-known – crime and corruption in Nigeria, for example, or heavy-handed government in Turkey.

Indonesia, I am less sure about. The country’s challenges are as big as I thought and I didn’t hear too many things that made me go “Wow” in terms of trying to deal with them. The country needs more of a sense of commercial purpose beyond commodities, and has to improve its infrastructure.

In Turkey, visits to white goods manufacturer Beko and Turkish Airlines, the world’s fastest growing airline, definitely made me go “Wow”, and in Nigeria, I was saying it all the time.

Turkish airline jet landing in Geneva Turkish Airlines: The world’s fastest-growing airline

The creativity in that place is so easy to get enthused about, at least it was for me, and I returned full of excitement about different personal investments I might follow up on.

In Mexico I was all set to be disappointed, as expectations are so high, but the young president and his equally young colleagues are full of determination to change the place.

If you thought Maggie Thatcher stood for serious reforms, these guys make her seem like a kitten. They are reforming everything from education, energy and fiscal policy to the institution of government itself.

What about all the challenges and things that usually scare people? Well corruption is obviously one topic that all four would seem to share, and I had many interesting discussions about it in each country.

In Nigeria, Central Bank Governor Lamido Sanusi argued that corruption rarely prevents economic development – and that the growth of the economy, accompanied by improvements in education, will lead to better governance and greater transparency.

Such views are important to listen to, as an alternative to our often simplistic Western way of thinking. For many credible people in the Mint countries, corruption is a consequence of their weak past, not a cause of a weak future, and certainly not the number one challenge. It falls way down a list compared with the costs of energy and the breadth of its availability and, of course, infrastructure.

Generators on sale in Lagos Generators are much in demand in Lagos

Sorting out energy policy was seen in both Mexico and Nigeria as a top priority and each country has launched a major initiatives this year, which if implemented, will accelerate growth rates significantly.

Here is an amazing statistic. About 170 million people in Nigeria share about the same amount of power that is used by about 1.5 million people in the UK. Almost every business has to generate its own power. The costs are enormous.

“Can you imagine, can you believe, that this country has been growing at 7% with no power, with zero power? It’s a joke.” says Africa’s richest man, Aliko Dangote.

He’s right. I reckon Nigeria could grow at 10-12% by sorting out this problem alone. That would double the size of its economy in six or seven years.

In Indonesia, the fourth largest country in the world, I would say leadership and infrastructure are the major challenges, though there are many more too. But challenges and opportunities sit side by side.

In one of Jakarta’s slum areas, Pluit, the land is sinking by 20cm per year because of over-extraction of water, but property prices elsewhere in the city are rocketing.

I talked to a man building the country’s first Ikea store, who reckons a third of greater Jakarta’s population of 28 million (the third biggest conurbation in the world) would have sufficient disposable income to shop at his store. As he said: “We just know it’s going to work.”

In Turkey of course, its politics and the combination of a Muslim faith with some kind of desire to do things the Western way is a unique sort of challenge. Some might argue the same challenge exists for Indonesia but I returned thinking this was not the case. In Jakarta at least, the Western way of doing things seems to be generally accepted – in striking contrast with Turkey.

So can the Mints join the top 10 largest economies in the world, after the US, China, the rest of the Brics and maybe Japan?

I think so, though it may take 30 years.

I look forward to going back to each of them more regularly now I am helping to put them on the map, just as happened with the Bric countries 12 years ago.

Listen to the first episode of MINT: The Next Economic Giants on BBC Radio 4 on Monday 6 January from 09:00 GMT, or afterwards on iPlayer.

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