Posts tagged ‘intelijen-terorism’

March 23, 2015

Heboh Pengaruh ISIS di Indonesia

Menurut saya yang paling menyeramkan dari pengaruh ISIS ( Negara Islam Irak dan Suriah)  di Indonesia adalah penyebaran ajarannya bisa sampai buku sekolah. Polisi /BNPT /BIN harus mengusut dan menangkap pelaku -sponsor penyebaran ajaran ISIS.. Lihat saja situs voa-islam.com atau eramuslim.com, jelas kelihatan siapa yang dengan lantang membela soal penyebaran faham kebencian ini.

Lima Simpatisan NIIS Ditangkap

WNI yang Ditahan di Turki Dikembalikan

JAKARTA KOMPAS Polisi menggerebek sejumlah rumah terduga teroris di Jakarta Selatan, Tangerang Selatan, Bekasi, dan Bogor pada Sabtu dan Minggu (21-22/3). Dari penyelidikan polisi, diyakini kelima terduga teroris yang ditangkap berperan menyebarkan paham Negara Islam di Irak dan Suriah.

Personel Densus 88 Polri melakukan penggerebekan di rumah terduga teroris jaringan Negara Islam di Irak dan Suriah (NIIS) di Petukangan Selatan, Jakarta Selatan, Minggu (22/3). Dalam penggerebekan itu, polisi menyita sejumlah dokumen terkait perekrutan dan pendanaan anggota NIIS.
ANTARA/ALINUDDINPersonel Densus 88 Polri melakukan penggerebekan di rumah terduga teroris jaringan Negara Islam di Irak dan Suriah (NIIS) di Petukangan Selatan, Jakarta Selatan, Minggu (22/3). Dalam penggerebekan itu, polisi menyita sejumlah dokumen terkait perekrutan dan pendanaan anggota NIIS.

Kelima orang yang ditangkap, sesuai keterangan Ketua Badan Nasional Penanggulangan Terorisme Komisaris Jenderal Saud Usman Nasution, adalah M Fahri, Aprianul Henri alias Mul, Jack alias Engkos Koswara, Amin Mude dan Furqon. Penggerebekan dan penangkapan itu adalah hasil operasi bersama Satuan Tugas Khusus Anti Teror Polri, Detasemen Khusus 88 Anti Teror Polri, dan Polda Metro Jaya.

Wakil Kepala Polri Komisaris Jenderal Badrodin Haiti menyatakan, kelima terduga teroris berperan signifikan dalam menyebarkan paham NIIS di Indonesia. Mereka menyandang dana, melatih WNI simpatisan NIIS, hingga mengunggah video pelatihan anak-anak oleh NIIS di laman Youtube.

Badrodin menambahkan, kelimanya juga terbukti berperan memberangkatkan 37 WNI ke Turki. Sebanyak 21 WNI bergabung dengan tentara NIIS di Suriah, sedangkan 16 lainnya ditangkap polisi Turki di kota Gazientep, perbatasan Turki-Suriah, Januari lalu.

”Penangkapan tersebut hasil penyelidikan Densus 88 terkait perekrutan, pendanaan, dan propaganda NIIS,” kata Badrodin, Minggu, di Jakarta.

Di Tangerang Selatan, selain menangkap Fahri (47), petugas menyita sejumlah barang dari rumah di Kecamatan Setu. Yang disita antara lain lima komputer jinjing dan belasan buku terkait radikalisme. Kini, terduga teroris bersama barang bukti dibawa petugas ke Mabes Polri.

Kepala Polres Tangerang Kabupaten Komisaris Besar Irfing Jaya, Minggu siang, mengatakan, berdasarkan keterangan sementara, Fahri merekrut orang-orang yang mau bergabung dengan ISIS melalui berbagai cara, di antaranya melalui dunia maya. Sesuai keterangan warga sekitar, Fahri bersama istri dan lima anaknya tinggal di rumah kontrakan tersebut sejak dua tahun terakhir.

Juru bicara Polda Metro Jaya Komisaris Besar Martinus Sitompul juga menyatakan, Fahri mengelola situs www.almustaqbal.net yang mengunggah berita, foto, dan pesan mengumbar kebencian terhadap negara dan mengajak orang bergabung ke NIIS. Ia juga diduga sebagai pembuat dan penyebar video pelatihan militer anak untuk NIIS lewat Youtube.

Martinus mengatakan, kelima tersangka dianggap melanggar Undang-Undang Nomor 15 Tahun 2003 tentang Pemberantasan Teror, UU No 9/2013 tentang Pemberantasan Pendanaan Teror, UU No 8/2011 tentang Informasi Transaksi Elektronik, dan dituduh makar terhadap negara.

Saud berpendapat, ”Perlu direvisi Undang-Undang soal Terorisme, Kebebasan Berpendapat dan lain-lain sehingga orang- orang ini bisa ditangkal sebelum menimbulkan masalah”.

Menteri Hukum dan HAM Yasonna H Laoly menambahkan, WNI yang ditahan otoritas Turki akan dikembalikan ke keluarganya. Pemerintah berharap sanak keluarga di Tanah Air bersedia menerima mereka setelah dideportasi di negara lain.

Sebelum dikembalikan, Polri akan memeriksa mereka terlebih dahulu. ”Yang lebih penting kerabat mereka di Tanah Air menerima mereka sebagai anggota keluarga,” kata Yasonna, Minggu, di Jakarta. Keputusan menyerahkan ke keluarga itu diambil karena RI tidak menganut sistem tanpa kewarnegaraan.

(BRO/PIN/DEA/ONG/SAN/NDY)

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Ini Isi Buku Sekolah yang Ajarkan Radikalisme

Buku sudah menyebar di wilayah Jawa Timur.
Jum’at, 20 Maret 2015 | 17:23 WIB
Oleh : Aries SetiawanMohammad Zumrotul Abidin (Surabaya)
Ini Isi Buku Sekolah yang Ajarkan Radikalisme
Buku pelajaran ajarkan radikalisme di Surabaya. (MZ Abidin/VIVA.co.id)

VIVA.co.id – Buku mata pelajaran Pendidikan Agama Islam yang mengajarkan radikalisme sudah beredar luas di Sekolah Menengah Atas di Jawa Timur.

Kebanyakan pihak sekolah baru sadar bahwa dalam buku berjudul Pendidikan Agama Islam dan Budi Pekerti tersebut pada Bab 10 ada yang memperbolehkan membunuh orang yang tidak percaya kepada Allah.

Kepala Sekolah SMA Negeri 2 Surabaya, Kasnoko, mengatakan baru sadar ternyata setelah dicek buku mata pelajaran PAI dari Pemerintah yang berupa compact disc.

Dalam buku tersebut, di halaman 70 memuat keterangan soal tauhid yang berbunyi, “yang boleh dan harus disembah hanyalah Allah SWT itu, dan orang yang menyembah selain Allah telah menjadi musyrik dan boleh dibunuh.”

“Karena ini dari pemerintah maka akan kami sampaikan kepada yang berwenang. Kami akan sampaikan lewat dinas pendidikan dulu,” ujar Kasnoko kepada VIVA.co.id, Jumat 20 Maret 2015.

Apakah buku-buku itu langsung ditarik dari siswa-siswi, Kasnoko tetap menunggu perintah dari Kementerian Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan. Tapi, secara pribadi, dia menyarankan agar buku itu segera ditarik.

“Kami mengikuti perintah saja. Tapi memang sebaiknya itu tidak digunakan,” kata Kasnoko.

Dalam buku yang difotokopi para siswa SMA Negeri 2 Surabaya, di Bab 10 berjudul Bangun dan Bangkitlah Wahai Pejuang Islam dibagi dalam beberapa sub bab.

Dalam sub bab A dibahas Islam Masa Modern. Sub bab B dibahas tokoh Pembaharuan Islam Masa Moderen.

Di sub bab B inilah muncul pembahasan beberapa tokoh seperti tokoh Syiah, Wahabi, dan Islam kanan seperti Muhammad bin Abdul Wahab, Syah Ayatullah Khumaini, Al Tahtawi, Jamludin Al Afghoni, Mughamad Abduh, Rosyid Ridho, Syayyid Ahmad Khan, Sultan Mahmud II, dan Muhammad Iqbal.

Namun, kutipan pembahasan yang kontroversial adalah gagasan Muhammad bin Abdul Wahab soal tauhid (kepercayaan kepada Allah).

Dalam pembahasan di poin (a) menyebutkan pendapat tokoh tersebut, “Yang boleh dan harus disembah hanyalah Allah swt, dan orang yang menyembah selain Allah telah menjadi musyrik dan boleh dibunuh.”

Buku pelajaran mengandung ISIS yang beredar di sekolah
Materi buku pelajaran pendidikan agama Islam yang menyebar di Jawa Timur. (Foto: Mohammad Zumrotul Abidin)

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Heboh ISIS: Teror ke Jokowi dan Penggerebekan Tiga Lokasi

Heboh ISIS: Teror ke Jokowi dan Penggerebekan Tiga Lokasi

Personel Densus 88 Mabes Polri melakukan penggrebekan di rumah terduga teroris jaringan ISIS di Jalan Perdana Blok B No 3, Petukangan Selatan, Jakarta Selatan, 22 Maret 2015. Penggerebekan dilakukan berkaitan dengan penangkapan penyewa rumah bernama Aprimul Hendri, 41 tahun. ANTARA/Alinuddin

TEMPO.CO, Jakarta -Kepala Polda Metro Jaya Inspektur Jenderal Unggung Cahyono mengatakan polisi telah menangkap orang-orang yang diduga berkaitan dengan jaringan Negara Islam Irak dan Suriah (ISIS) di sejumlah tempat.

Mereka yang ditangkap antara lain Koswara dan Furqon di Tambun, Bekasi, serta Amin Mude di Perumahan Legenda Wisata, Kecamatan Cileungsi, Kabupaten Bogor. Sedangkan Aprimul Hendri ditangkap di Petukangan, Jakarta Selatan, dan Tuah Febriwansyah bin Arif Hasruddin alias Fahri di Pamulang, Tangerang Selatan.

“Mereka masih menjalani pemeriksaan,” kata Unggung saat menggelar barang bukti salah satu tersangka di Perumahan Puri Cendana, Tambun, Bekasi, kemarin.

Dalam penggeledahan itu, polisi menyita beberapa barang bukti, seperti buku-buku jihad, seragam, dan bendera ISIS. Barang-barang lain yang disita adalah 5 unit laptop, 9 telepon seluler, paspor dan tiket pesawat, senjata tajam, serta senjata api mainan. “Seragam ini diduga yang dipakai salah satu anak dalam tayangan video ISIS yang disebar di YouTube,” ujar Unggung.

Belum ada penjelasan apakah orang-orang yang ditangkap itu berkaitan dengan penyebar teror. Sebelumnya, Kepala Biro Penerangan Masyarakat Polri Brigjen Agus Rianto mengatakan polisi belum dapat memastikan pengirim short message service (SMS) yang mengaku anggota Negara Islam Irak dan Suriah (ISIS) betul-betul terkait dengan kelompok itu. Sebab, kata dia, diperlukan penyidikan yang lebih mendalam untuk melihat keterkaitan tersebut. “Semoga cepat tertangkap untuk mempercepat identifikasi,” kata Agus kepada Tempo, Ahad 22 Maret 2015.

Kepala Bidang Humas Kepolisian Daerah Metro Jaya Komisaris Besar Martinus Sitompul mengatakan penyidik telah berhasil melacak nomor ponsel yang digunakan untuk meneror. Dalam pesan, peneror mengaku anggota ISIS yang berasal dari Lampung Timur. Ancaman yang disebar antara lain meledakkan pesawat di Bandar Udara Soekarno-Hatta dan membunuh Presiden Joko Widodo.

Teror dimulai sejak menyebarnya pesan berantai dari nomor 085758905xxx pada Rabu, 18 Maret lalu, yang berisi pesan “Pesawat Lufthansa rute jakarta-berlin tergelincir saat take off di Bandara Soetta pukul 10.25 diperkiraan semua tewas. Pak Nur Rakhman, Pegawai Atc Soetta 085758905xxx”.

DINI PRAMITA | JONIANSYAH | AFRILIA SURYANIS

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Survei Setara: Satu dari 14 Siswa SMA Setuju ISIS

TEMPO.CO, Jakarta – Setara Institute mengadakan survei tentang persepsi siswa sekolah menengah atas tentang toleransi beragama dan radikalisme. Hasil survei menunjukkan satu dari 14 siswa ternyata setuju dengan gerakan Islamic State of Iraq and Suriah (ISIS).

Dari 684 responden yang mengikuti survei, 7,2 persen mengatakan tahu dan setuju dengan paham ISIS. Hasil ini tidak mengagetkan. Sebab, dalam survei yang sama, 16,9 persen siswa mengenali ISIS sebagai lembaga yang sedang memperjuangkan pendirian negara Islam di dunia.

“Angka persetujuan ini merupakan peringatan serius bagi Indonesia,” kata Wakil Ketua Setara Institute Bonar Tigor Naipospos di kantornya, Senin, 30 Maret 2015.

Bonar menuturkan pengaruh ekstrem ini muncul akibat derasnya arus informasi yang tidak disaring. Sebab, 67 persen responden menggunakan Internet sebagai media utama. Sedangkan 29,1 persen mendapatkan informasi dari televisi.

“Lebih dari setengah responden mengaku sering mengakses media. Kalau informasinya tidak tepat, ini mencemaskan,” ujar Bonar. Pengaruh-pengaruh ekstrem ini, ucap dia, juga muncul dari pelajaran ekstrakurikuler dan pendidikan agama dari luar sekolah yang diikuti rutin oleh siswa.

Setara melakukan survei terhadap siswa 76 SMU di Jakarta dan 38 SMU di Bandung (meliputi Cimahi, Kabupaten Bandung, dan Kota Bandung) pada 9-19 Maret lalu. Dari total 114 sekolah, diambil enam siswa, sehingga tingkat kepercayaannya 95 persen dan margin of error 4,7 persen. Penelitian itu menggunakan metode wawancara dan kuesioner.

INDRI MAULIDAR

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February 15, 2011

TNI Benahi Intelijen

Monday, February 14, 2011
TNI Benahi Intelijen
Warga dibantu anggota TNI membersihkan sisa kerushan di di gereja Bethel Graha Shekinah yang dirusak massa di Temanggung, Jateng, Rabu (9/2). Kerusuhan tersebut dipicu ketidakpuasan massa dengan vonis yang dijatuhkan hakim terhadap terdakwa kasus penistaan agama Antonius Richmond Bawengan. (Foto: ANTARA/Anis Efizudin/ss/Spt/11)

14 Februari 2011, Jakarta — (ANTARA News): Tentara Nasional Indonesia (TNI) membenahi mekanisme dan sistem intelijennya untuk memaksimalkan deteksi dan pencegahan dini terhadap beragam ancaman termasuk konflik horisontal seperti di Kecamatan Cikeusik, Pandeglang, Banten, dan Temanggung, Jawa Tengah.

Ditemui ANTARA di ruang kerjanya di Mabes TNI Cilangkap, Senin, Panglima TNI Laksamana TNI Agus Suhartono mengatakan, pembenahan ditujukan agar langkah antisipatif terhadap ancaman dapat segera dirancang serta bisa ditangani lebih dini.

“Yang penting, langkah preventive. Jangan sampai, hingga ancaman menjadi kenyataan, kita tidak siap menanganinya hingga berdampak luas,” ujarnya.

Panglima TNI memaparkan, pembenahan mekanisme antara lain dengan memperkuat kemampuan intelijen di kewilayahan. Kegiatan intelijen TNI terbagi menjadi kegiatan intelijen strategis dan taktis.

Keduanya, lanjut Agus, harus dilaporkan ke Panglima TNI secara berjenjang secara vertikal oleh BAIS. “Nah, jangan sampai laporan vertikal yang berjenjang itu, justru menghambat langkah deteksi dini dan pencegahan dini,” ujarnya, menambahkan.

Panglima TNI mengemukakan,”Jadi, selain melaporkan seluruh data intelijen ke Panglima TNI, secara bersamaan kegiatan intelijen taktis dapat langsung dilaporkan ke Kodim, Korem dan Pangdam untuk diantisipasi lebih dini, hingga pencegahannya pun dapat dilakukan lebih cepat,”.

“Dan ketika Panglima TNI memerintahkan langkah-langkah lanjutan, jajaran teritorial sudah sangat siap,” ucapnya.

Intinya, lanjut Agus, bagaimana data-data intelijen itu didapat secara cepat serta akurat dan dapat dimanfaatkan untuk setiap kegiatan operasi.

Panglima TNI mengemukakan, pembenahan mekanisme intelijen tersebut telah dikomunikasikan kepada Polri agar langkah antisipasi dapat lebih maksimal dilakukan menghadapi beragam ancaman.

“Semua itu kan dapat diramalkan. Bentuknya seperti apa, kemana arahnya. Kita hanya harus lebih siap,” katanya.

Agus menilai, beragam aksi massa saat ini memiliki modus yang berbeda. Massa lebih masif, dan suatu kejadian di suatu tempat dapat memicu aksi di beberapa tempat lainnya.

“Karena itu, pembenahan mekanisme intelijen harus benar-benar dilakukan untuk memaksimalkan deteksi dini dan pencegahan dini,” kata Panglima TNI.

Sumber: ANTARA News

February 13, 2011

Polisi Bantah Terlibat Dalam Aksi Kekerasan Terhadap Ahmadiyah

detikNews » Berita

Senin, 14/02/2011 05:46 WIB
Polisi Bantah Terlibat Dalam Aksi Kekerasan Terhadap Ahmadiyah
Adi Nugroho – detikNews

Jakarta – Kepolisian Republik Indonesia dinilai terlibat dalam aksi-aksi kekerasan yang dialami warga ahmadiyah sejak 2001 hingga 2011. Kepolisian pun membantah tegas hal tersebut.

“Itu semua tidak benar,” kata Kabid Penum Mabes Polri Komisaris Besar Boy Rafli Amar ketika dikonfirmasi detikcom, Minggu (13/02/11).

Hari ini, LBH Jakarta beberkan keterlibatan kepolisian dalam aksi-aksi kekerasan terhadap warga Ahmadiyah. Menurut LBH Jakarta, keterlibatan kepolisian itu terbagi menjadi empat level, yakni infliction, instigation, consent dan acquiescence.

Infliction adalah menimbulkan penderitan, penghukuman dan pengalaman pahit. Dalam hal ini LBH mencontohkan polisi terlibat dalam pengrusakan bangunan masjid dan rumah di Manis Lor, Jalaksana, Kuningan, Jawa Barat pada 2010, lalu di Parung pada 2005 dan Makassar 2011.

Untuk level instigation atau dorongan, LBH Jakarta mencontohkan penyerangan Ahmadiyah di Parung pada 2005. Kala itu polisi menyopiri mobil polisi yang dinaiki dan digunakan massa penyerang.

Sementara pada level consent atau persetujuan dicontohkan peristiwa Lombok 2002, Manis Lor 2010, Parung 2005, dan Cisalada 2010 maupun Cikeusik 2011, dalam rentang 1-3 bulan sebelum peristiwa penyerangan, aparat Muspida dan Muspika telah memberikan persetujuan atas tekanan-tekanan pihak-pihak perencana serangan untuk mengusir dan membubarkan Ahmadiyah dan kegiatan-kegiatannya.

Dan pada level acquiescence atau persetujuan diam-diam dicontohkan peristiwa pembakaran rumah di hampir semua peristiwa nyata-nyata disaksikan oleh aparat kepolisian, namun polisi melakukan pembiaran.

Selain membantah bahwa tuduhan itu tidak benar, Boy juga menegaskan bahwa kepolisian telah bekerja dengan sebaik-baiknya. “Polisi telah menangani masalah-masalah itu dengan sebaik-baiknya sesuai dengan tugas pokoknya,” tegasnya.

(adi/mad)

Tetap update informasi di manapun dengan http://m.detik.com dari browser ponsel anda!

Baca Juga :
Polisi Dianggap Tak Jalankan Protap Internal dalam Kasus Ahmadiyah
Penyerangan Ahmadiyah Didanai, Polisi Harus Bongkar Aktor Intelektual
TPM: Warga Cikeusik Tak Kenal Pemberi Salam Tabik pada Pemvideo
TPM: Warga Diberi Pita untuk Bedakan dengan Ahmadiyah
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(12) KomentarKirim KomentarDisclaimer
logika simpel 14/02/2011 06:36 WIB
standar ciri-ciri Muslim yang baik : tetangga merasa aman bertetangga… » Selengkapnya
pengamat agama 14/02/2011 06:25 WIB
polisi juga manusia, jangan suruh musang jaga ayam. … » Selengkapnya
baggeng 14/02/2011 06:24 WIB
lbh jangan lagi membela klmpok yg menyesatkan, udah jelas dilarang… » Selengkapnya

February 8, 2011

DPR: Intelijen Polisi Kedodoran

Bukan intel yang kedodoran tapi Kapolrinya yang dodol
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Penyerangan terhadap Ahmadiyah
DPR: Intelijen Polisi Kedodoran
Penulis: Caroline Damanik | Editor: A. Wisnubrata
Selasa, 8 Februari 2011 | 13:02 WIB
Dibaca: 1923Komentar: 12

KOMPAS/WISNU WIDIANTORO
Ilustrasi
JAKARTA, KOMPAS.com — Pengakuan polisi bahwa pihaknya sudah mencium rencana penyerangan Ahmadiyah di Cikeusik, Pandeglang, Banten, dua hari sebelum kejadian membuat Wakil Ketua Komisi I DPR TB Hasanuddin menyesalkannya.

Intelijen polisi dinilai kedodoran dalam melakukan tugasnya karena tidak berusaha memetakan daerah-daerah rawan konflik dan gagal menyelami budaya di setiap daerah. “Barangkali kalau tahun 2008 dipetakan wilayah-wilayah Ahmadiyah seperti apa, ini daerah-daerah potensi konflik, itu tidak masalah, mungkin tidak akan kedodoran seperti sekarang,” katanya di Gedung DPR, Selasa (8/2/2011).

Menurut dia, intelijen yang kedodoran dalam kasus Cikeusik bukanlah intelijen di tingkat pusat, melainkan di tingkat bawah. Hasanuddin mengatakan, intelijen di tingkat Polres yang seharusnya memahami situasi setempat. “Polisi juga kan harus menguasai situasi sosial di daerah masing-masing. Di Banten kan relatif keras, jadi harus tahu ini bisa meledak. Harus ada gerak cepat. Jadi kelalaian juga aparat,” katanya.

“Hari Jumat, polisi sudah tahu. Malah polisi katakan sebaiknya menghindar. Kok malah tidak memberikan perlindungan. Sedikit memang katanya (anggota) polsek-polsek, tetapi kan bisa minta ke polres, terus bisa ke atas. Dua hari ada jarak,” tambahnya kemudian.

January 21, 2011

Menko Polhukam: TNI dan Polri Sudah Saatnya Kerjasama Intelijen

Selama ini ngapain aja ?

Jumat, 21/01/2011 09:37 WIB

Menko Polhukam: TNI dan Polri Sudah Saatnya Kerjasama Intelijen

Muhammad Taufiqqurahman : detikNews

[] detikcom – Jakarta, Menko Polhukam Jenderal TNI Djoko Suyanto mendorong agar TNI dan Polri bahu membahu dalam melaksanakan tugas negara. Salah satu tugasnya yakni dengan melakukan operasi intelijen secara bersama-sama.

“Kerjasama intelijen sudah saatnya dilakukan bersama-sama agar tugas mudah untuk diselesaikan,” ujar Menko Polhukam saat berpidato di rapim TNI-Polri di Balai Samudera, Kelapa Gading, Jakarta, Jumat (21/1/2011). Rapim itu dihadiri oleh Presiden SBY para pejabat tinggi kedua institusi.

SBY mengenakan safari. Sedangkan personel TNI dan Polri mengenakan pakaian dinas masing-masing.

Menurut Menko Polhukam, yang penting jangan berfikir siapa yang lebih cepat dalam mengerjakan tugas negara. Namun lebih mementingkan dari hasil tugas yang dilaksanakan itu.

Dalam proses bekerjasama pelaksanaan intelijen, lanjut Menko Polhukam, harus ada diskusi antara TNI dan Polri. Sehingga akan terjalin kekompakan dalam menjalankan operasi itu.

“Ada warna kekompakan dalam menjalankan operasi agar satuan TNI dan Polri dapat bersinergi dalam melaksanakan operasi intelijen,” kata Menko Polhukam.

Kapolri Jenderal Timur Pradopo menambahkan, tujuan rapim TNI dan Polri agar terciptya sinergi dengan baik antar seluruh komponen TNI dan Polri. TNI dan Polri harus berusaha maksimal untuk melakukan yang terbaik sebagaimana yang diamanatkan UU.

“TNI dan Polri tetap satu hati dalam pemeliharaan keamanan negara dan mewujudkan pembangunan nasional,” tutur Kapolri

December 23, 2010

13 Temuan Soal Radikalisme Agama Di Jabodetabek-Jabar

Kantong kantong teroris di sekitar Jakarta
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13 Temuan Soal Radikalisme Agama Di Jabodetabek-Jabar
Oleh Anugerah Perkasa | 23 December 2010

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JAKARTA: Riset Setara Institute sedikitnya mendapati 13 temuan tentang radikalisme agama di Jabodetabek dan Jawa Barat terkait dengan maraknya praktik intoleransi satu kelompok agama terhadap kelompok minoritas serta penyerangan rumah ibadah.

Wakil Ketua Setara Bonar Tigor Naipospos mengatakan riset ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui bagaimana persepsi masyarakat perkotaan khususnya di kelas menengah bawah terhadap sejumlah isu yang berkaitan dengan toleransi.

Pendekatan kuantitatif dilakukan dengan survei di Jabodetabek. Sedangkan pendekatan kualitatif dilakukan dengan wawancara aktor-aktor organisasi Islam radikal dan pegiat HAM dan demokrasi di Jabodetabek, Cirebon, Tasikmalaya, Garut, dan Cianjur.

“Pembiaran terhadap berbagai pelanggaran kebebasan berkeyakinan di Indonesia telah menciptakan preseden buruk bagi institusi hukum. Pembiaran negara berkombinasi dengan kondisi sosial yang intoleran, berkembangnya organisasi Islam radikal menjadikan masalah itu terus terjadi,” ujar Bonar kepada pers di Jakarta.

Temuan itu adalah dalam relasi yang lebih privat–seperti anggota keluarga yang menikah dengan orang lain yang beda agama dan anggota keluarga yang pindah ke agama lain–warga Jabodetabek memperlihatkan intoleransi yang cukup tinggi; warga Jabodetabek juga merasa keberatan jika di dekat tempat tinggalnya terdapat rumah ibadah dari umat agama lain; ketidaksetujuannya warga terhadap berbagai bentuk aksi kekerasan yang mengatasnamakan agama; intoleransi justru karena frustasi sosial dan alienasi akibat ketidakpuasan masyarakat terhadap pemerataan pembangunan dan ekonomi.

Selain itu, kondisi sosial keagamaan masyarakat di Jakarta dan Jawa Barat telah menjadi lapangan terbuka dan menghimpun daya dukung eksistensi organisasi-organisasi Islam radikal; ormas-ormas yang lahir secara spontan dan dipicu oleh berbagai peristiwa yang dianggap mengancam Islam; tokoh-tokoh ormas Islam fundamentalis memiliki keterkaitan dengan berbagai kesejarahan organisasi-organisasi radikal, baik yang trans nasional ataupun yang lokal; di Jawa Barat, pesantren-pesantren tradisional, karena keterlibatan pimpinan pesantrennya, telah memasok dukungan dan menjadi basis massa organisasi Islam radikal; dana berasal pribadi, infak jamaah, sumbangan masyarakat, dan usaha sendiri.

Paham ajaran organisasi Islam radikal ini berpusat pada tiga doktrin Islam yaitu kewajiban berhukum dengan hukum Allah, doktrin kewajiban memberantas kemungkaran, dan doktrin kecurigaan dan kebencian pada agama Nasrani yang ekspansif; terdapat empat agenda utama: penegakan syariat Islam, pemberantasan maksiat, aliran sesat, dan anti pemurtadan/anti kristenisasi; serta pembiaran terhadap berbagai pelanggaran kebebasan berkeyakinan di Indonesia telah menciptakan preseden buruk bagi institusi hukum.

“Riset ini merekomendasikan kepada pemerintah untuk mengambil langkah-langkah konstruktif deradikalisasi di tingkat masyarakat dan memutus pelembagaan impunitas atas berbagai bentuk pelanggaran kebebasan berkeyakinan yang dilakukan oleh organisasi Islam radikal,” kata Bonar. (tw)

 

August 11, 2010

Sang Guru Ikut Latihan Perang

Yang spt ini yang paling berbahaya…
+++
Sang Guru Ikut Latihan Perang
Koran Tempo 11 Agustus 2010

Sekolah Dasar Islam Terpadu Attaqwim di Desa Katapang, Kecamatan Katapang, Kabupaten Bandung, Jawa Barat, tampak sepi kemarin.Tak ada kegiatan belajar-mengajar di bangunan dua lantai itu. Pintu gerbangnya digembok.”Mulai hari ini sekolah libur menyambut bulan suci Ramadan,”kata penjaga sekolah, Abdul Gofar.
Di belakang SD itu berdiri gedung SMP Attaqwim. Di SMP inilah Kurnia Widodo alias Ujang Kurnia Widodo pernah mengajar, namun hanya sebentar. Sekolah itu juga sudah tutup sejak akhir 2009 karena kekurangan murid.

Sarjana teknik kimia lu lusan Institut Teknologi Bandung itu adalah satu dari lima orang yang diduga teroris yang ditangkap Detasemen Khusus 88 Antiteror di Jalan Cimareme, Padalarang, Kabupaten Bandung Barat, Sabtu lalu.

Menurut polisi, Kurnia berperan sebagai teknisi laboratorium yang mengatur campuran bahan pembuatan bom. Empat orang lainnya yang ditangkap adalah Fahrur Rozi Tanjung alias Bayu, Hamzah alias Helmi, Ghofur, dan Ustadz Kiki.

Nama Kurnia tercantum dalam daftar nama guru di sekolah yang berada di bawah naungan Yayasan Pendidikan dan Dakwah Islam Attaqwim itu. Daftar nama gu

ru itu dicetak di secarik kertas dan ditempelkan di salah satu dinding kantor sekolah.
Dian, yang tinggal di sebelah kantor Yayasan Attaqwim, mengaku mengenal Kurnia.”Saya kenal, enggak akrab. Orangnya ramah, tapi pendiam,”tuturnya.

Wakil Rektor Bidang Komunikasi dan Informasi ITB, Hasanuddin Zainal Abidin, membenarkan bahwa Kurnia Widodo adalah alumnus ITB. Kurnia sarjana dari Teknik Kimia Fakultas Teknik Industri angkatan 1992 dan lulus tahun 2000.

Hasanuddin mengatakan, dalam data akademik ITB, Kurnia lahir di Medan pada 1974. Tapi dia tak tahu apakah Kurnia adalah orang yang ditangkap polisi di Jalan Cimareme itu.“Kami harapkan itu bukan alumni ITB,”ujarnya.

Seorang alumnus Teknik Kimia ITB angkatan 1993 yang mengenal Kurnia mengatakan, pria berjenggot itu mengaku pernah ikut latihan perang di berbagai tempat saat masih kuliah.

Kurnia juga menyinggung soal kegiatan militer.

Menurut dia, ketika mereka berkumpul pada 1995, terkadang Kurnia bercanda soal kegiatan militer.“Sebenarnya saya rada curiga, tapi saya anggap bercanda saja,”ujar pengajar dan pengusaha di Jakarta ini.

August 10, 2010

Ba’asyir Ingin Ganti Negara & Punya Gagasan Peledakan

Ya wis, export aja Uzdaz Abu ke Afganistan atau Somalia

+++++++++++++++++

Selasa, 10/08/2010 10:02 WIB
Polri: Ba’asyir Ingin Ganti Negara & Punya Gagasan Peledakan
Indra Subagja – detikNews

Jakarta – Polri meyakini Amir Jamaah Anshorut Tauhid (JAT) Abu Bakar Ba’asyir terkait kelompok teroris Aceh. Polisi menduga Ba’asyir memiliki peran besar dalam rencana aksi kelompok tersebut.

“Kita punya bukti dia yang punya gagasan merencanakan peledakan,” kata Kabid Penum Mabes Polri Kombes Pol Marwoto saat dihubungi detikcom, Selasa (10/8/2010).

Alasan Ba’asyir melakukan peledakan itu pun, lanjut Marwoto, bertujuan sebagai jihad. “Mungkin ingin mengganti negara,” imbuhnya.

Keterangan itu diperoleh Polri berdasarkan pengakuan dari sejumlah tersangka yang sudah ditangkap. Antara lain berdasarkan pengakuan Ubeid yang kini ditahan di Rutan Brimob Kelapa Dua, Depok.

Sebelumnya pengacara Ba’asyir, Mahendradata, menepis tudingan polisi soal kaitan dengan kasus terorisme. Bahkan saat diperiksa dengan 41 pertanyaan Ba’asyir sama sekali tidak memberikan jawaban.

“Segala perlawanan hukum adalah tugas kami. Kami akan lakukan termasuk upaya politik lainnya,” kata Mahendra di Mabes Polri, Jumat (9/8) malam.

+++++++++++++

Selasa, 10/08/2010 12:35:06 WIB
Ba’asyir diintai sejak 1 tahun lalu
Oleh: A. Azis Faradi
JAKARTA: Kabareskrim Mabes Polri Komjen Pol. Ito Sumardi mengatakan proses penangkapan Abubakar Ba’asyir sudah direncanakan sejak 1 tahun lalu.

“Penangkapan Ba’asyir karena sudah ada bukti-bukti yang kuat,” katanya hari ini.

Selain itu, jelasnya, Polri akan melakukan pemeriksaan lanjutan terhadap Ba’syir dan hasilnya tidak akan dibuka ke publik sekarang, tetapi nanti di pengadilan.

Saat disinggung apakah penangkapan tersebut merupakan pesanan dari orang dan negara tertentu, Ito membantahnya dengan mengatakan penangkapan itu bukan sama sekali pesanan orang atau negara tertentu.

Ba’asyir ditangkap Tim Densus 88 di depan Markas Polresta Banjar Patroman, Ciamis, Jabar pada Senin sekitar pukul 08.15. Dia kemudian dibawa ke Mabes Polri Jakarta dengan pengawalan ketat.

Mabes Polri menyatakan penangkapan Ba’asyir terkait dengan peran aktifnya dalam rangkaian pelatihan militer du Aceh dari kelompok yang akan menyerang sejumlah objek vital di Jawa. (tw)

June 9, 2010

BIN Minta Naik Anggaran

BIN Minta Naik Anggaran
SELASA, 08 JUNI 2010 | 15:30 WIB
Besar Kecil Normal
TEMPO Interaktif, Jakarta – Badan Intelijen Negara (BIN) meminta kenaikan anggaran untuk rencana kerja tahun 2011. Besaran anggaran yang diminta mencapai Rp1 triliun. Hal tersebut terungkap dalam rapat dengar pendapat BIN dengan Komisi Pertahanan DPR di Jakarta pada Senin lalu.

Menurut anggota Komisi Pertahanan DPR, Ahmad Muzani, anggaran itu akan lebih banyak dihabiskan untuk kejahatan trans kejahatan ekonomi, penyelundupan. “Tidak ada untuk belanja senjata,” kata Ahmad Muzani, anggota Komisi Pertahanan DPR, kepada wartawan, Selasa (8/6).

Permintaan anggaran BIN untuk 2011, kata Muzani, meningkat meski tidak signifikan. Sebelumnya, Pada tahun 2010 BIN memiliki anggaran sekitar Rp 900 Miliar. Komisi I DPR memang pernah mengusulkan untuk meminta BIN menaikkan anggaran tahun sebelumnya, ” tapi justru BIN yang menolak.”

Muzani berpendapat, alasan penambahan anggaran yang dimintakan BIN, kurang argumentatif. Tapi, permintaan kali ini sudah cukup mewakili kebutuhan BIN. “Bisa jadi disetujui, nanti akan dibahas.” ujarnya.

Ditanya soal transparansi pertanggungjawaban anggaran BIN. Muzani hanya berkomentar, “Selama ini cukup baik.”

_+++

DPR Beri BIN Masukan Soal Akurasi Data Intelijen
SELASA, 08 JUNI 2010 | 15:51 WIB
Besar Kecil Normal
Presiden Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono memperlihatkan foto laporan intelijen yang menjadikan dirinya sasaran tembak saat memberikan pernyataan pers soal peristiwa ledakan bom di halaman kantor Kepresidenan, Jakarta, Jumat (17/7). ANTARA/Widodo S. Jusuf

TEMPO Interaktif, Jakarta – Komisi Pertahanan DPR memberi masukan kepada Badan Intelijen Negara (BIN) soal akurasi data intelijen. Masukan itu diungkapkan wakil rakyat saat bertemu rapat kerja dengan Kepala BIN dengan Komisi Pertahanan di Jakarta, Senin lalu.

Anggota Komisi Pertahanan dari partai Gerakan Indonesia Raya (Gerindra), Ahmad Muzani mengungkapkan komisi pertahanan meminta penjelasan soal akurasi data intelijen selama ini diberikan kepada pemerintah. “Terutama soal akurasi,” katanya.

Permintaan itu dimintakan atas dasar adanya kekhawatiran soal kualitas akurasi intelijen yang dikeluarkan badan telik sandi itu. Sebab, kata dia, ada beberapa kejadian yang menurutnya meleset dari analisis intelijen. Misalnya, ketika ada analisis intelijen yang diungkapkan oleh pemerintah soal akan adanya kerusuhan seputar demo hari anti korupsi di Jakarta. “Akurasi data memang perlu diperhatikan,” ujarnya. Namun, kata dia, “Itu sifatnya hanya masukan.”

Selain data intelijen soal peristiwa, kata Muzani, Komisi Pertahanan juga meminta akurasi data dalam penanganan terorisme. “Sebagai badan koordinasi intelijen BIN perlu ambil peran.”

SANDY INDRA PRATAMA

DPR Beri BIN Masukan Soal Akurasi Data Intelijen
SELASA, 08 JUNI 2010 | 15:51 WIB
Besar Kecil Normal
Presiden Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono memperlihatkan foto laporan intelijen yang menjadikan dirinya sasaran tembak saat memberikan pernyataan pers soal peristiwa ledakan bom di halaman kantor Kepresidenan, Jakarta, Jumat (17/7). ANTARA/Widodo S. Jusuf

TEMPO Interaktif, Jakarta – Komisi Pertahanan DPR memberi masukan kepada Badan Intelijen Negara (BIN) soal akurasi data intelijen. Masukan itu diungkapkan wakil rakyat saat bertemu rapat kerja dengan Kepala BIN dengan Komisi Pertahanan di Jakarta, Senin lalu.

Anggota Komisi Pertahanan dari partai Gerakan Indonesia Raya (Gerindra), Ahmad Muzani mengungkapkan komisi pertahanan meminta penjelasan soal akurasi data intelijen selama ini diberikan kepada pemerintah. “Terutama soal akurasi,” katanya.

Permintaan itu dimintakan atas dasar adanya kekhawatiran soal kualitas akurasi intelijen yang dikeluarkan badan telik sandi itu. Sebab, kata dia, ada beberapa kejadian yang menurutnya meleset dari analisis intelijen. Misalnya, ketika ada analisis intelijen yang diungkapkan oleh pemerintah soal akan adanya kerusuhan seputar demo hari anti korupsi di Jakarta. “Akurasi data memang perlu diperhatikan,” ujarnya. Namun, kata dia, “Itu sifatnya hanya masukan.”

Selain data intelijen soal peristiwa, kata Muzani, Komisi Pertahanan juga meminta akurasi data dalam penanganan terorisme. “Sebagai badan koordinasi intelijen BIN perlu ambil peran.”

SANDY INDRA PRATAMA

May 9, 2010

Imam’s Path From Condemning Terror to Preaching Jihad

Juniornya Abubakar Baasyir :

IHT May 8, 2010
Imam’s Path From Condemning Terror to Preaching Jihad
By SCOTT SHANE and SOUAD MEKHENNET
WASHINGTON — In the weeks after the Sept. 11 attacks, the eloquent 30-year-old imam of a mosque outside Washington became a go-to Muslim cleric for reporters scrambling to explain Islam. He condemned the mass murder, invited television crews to follow him around and patiently explained the rituals of his religion.

“We came here to build, not to destroy,” the cleric, Anwar al-Awlaki, said in a sermon. “We are the bridge between Americans and one billion Muslims worldwide.”

At first glance, it seemed plausible that this lanky, ambitious man, with the scholarly wire-rims and equal command of English and Arabic, could indeed be such a bridge. CD sets of his engaging lectures on the Prophet Muhammad were in thousands of Muslim homes. American-born, he had a sense of humor, loved deep-sea fishing, had dabbled in get-rich-quick investment schemes and dropped references to “Joe Sixpack” into his sermons. A few weeks before the attacks he had preached in the United States Capitol.

Nine years later, from his hide-out in Yemen, Mr. Awlaki has declared war on the United States.

“America as a whole has turned into a nation of evil,” he said in a statement posted on extremist Web sites in March. Though he had spent 21 of his 39 years in the United States, he added, “I eventually came to the conclusion that jihad against America is binding upon myself, just as it is binding on every other able Muslim.”

His mix of scripture and vitriol has helped lure young Muslims into a dozen plots. He cheered on the Fort Hood gunman and had a role in prompting the attempted airliner bombing on Dec. 25, intelligence officials say. And last week, Faisal Shahzad, who is charged in the attempted bombing in Times Square, told investigators that Mr. Awlaki’s prolific online lectures urging jihad as a religious duty helped inspire him to act.

At a time of new concern about the attraction of Western Muslims to violent extremism, there is no figure more central than Mr. Awlaki, who has harnessed the Internet for the goals of Al Qaeda. Counterterrorism officials are gravely concerned about his powerful appeal for many others who are following his path to radicalization.

“He’s a magnetic character,” said Philip Mudd, a veteran of the C.I.A.’s Counterterrorism Center who just stepped down after nearly five years as a top F.B.I. intelligence adviser. “He’s a powerful orator in a revolutionary movement.”

Convinced that he is a lethal threat, the United States government has responded in kind. This year Mr. Awlaki became the first American citizen on the C.I.A.’s list of terrorists approved as a target for killing, a designation that has only enhanced his status with admirers like Shahidur Rahman, 27, a British Muslim of Bangladeshi descent who studied with Mr. Awlaki in London in 2003.

Other clerics equivocated about whether terrorist violence could be reconciled with Islam, Mr. Rahman said, but even seven years ago Mr. Awlaki made clear that he had few such qualms.

“He said suicide is not allowed in Islam,” Mr. Rahman said in an interview, “but self-sacrifice is different.”

There are two conventional narratives of Mr. Awlaki’s path to jihad. The first is his own: He was a nonviolent moderate until the United States attacked Muslims openly in Afghanistan and Iraq, covertly in Pakistan and Yemen, and even at home, by making targets of Muslims for raids and arrests. He merely followed the religious obligation to defend his faith, he said.

“What am I accused of?” he asks in a recent video bearing the imprint of Al Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula. “Of calling for the truth? Of calling for jihad for the sake of Allah? Of calling to defend the causes of the Islamic nation?”

A contrasting version of Mr. Awlaki’s story, explored though never confirmed by the national Sept. 11 commission, maintains that he was a secret agent of Al Qaeda starting well before the attacks, when three of the hijackers turned up at his mosques. By this account, all that has changed since then is that Mr. Awlaki has stopped hiding his true views.

The tale that emerges from visits to his mosques, and interviews with two dozen people who knew him, is more complex and elusive. A product both of Yemen’s deeply conservative religious culture and freewheeling American ways, he hesitated to shake hands with women but patronized prostitutes. He was first enthralled with jihad as a teenager — but the cause he embraced, the defeat of Soviet troops in Afghanistan, was then America’s cause too. After a summer visit to the land of the victorious mujahedeen, he brought back an Afghan hat and wore it proudly around the Colorado State campus in Fort Collins where he studied engineering.

Later, Mr. Awlaki seems to have tried out multiple personas: the representative of a tolerant Islam in a multicultural United States (starring in a WashingtonPost.com video explaining Ramadan); the fiery American activist talking about Muslims’ constitutional rights (and citing both Malcolm X and H. Rap Brown); the conspiracy theorist who publicly doubted the Muslim role in the Sept. 11 attacks. (The F.B.I., he wrote a few days afterward, simply blamed passengers with Muslim names.)

All along he remained a conservative, fundamentalist preacher who invariably started with a scriptural story from the seventh century and drew its personal or political lessons for today, a tradition called salafism, for the Salafs, or ancestors, the leaders of the earliest generations of Islam.

Finally, after the Yemeni authorities, under American pressure, imprisoned him in 2006 and 2007, Mr. Awlaki seems to have hardened into a fully committed ideologist of jihad, condemning non-Muslims and cheerleading for slaughter. His message has become indistinguishable from that of Osama bin Laden — except for his excellent English and his cultural familiarity with the United States and Britain. Those traits make him especially dangerous, counterterrorism officials fear, and he flaunts them.

“Jihad,” Mr. Awlaki said in a March statement, “is becoming as American as apple pie and as British as afternoon tea.”

‘Skinny Teenager With Brains’

Twenty years ago, long before the Sept. 11 attacks and the wars that followed, a shy freshman named Anwar turned up at the little mosque in a converted church a short walk from the Colorado State campus. His American accent was misleading: born in New Mexico in 1971, when his father was studying agriculture there, he had lived in the United States until the age of 7.

But he had spent his adolescence in Yemen, where memorizing the Koran was a matter of course for an educated young man, and women were largely excluded from public life.

His father, Nasser, was a prominent figure who would serve as agriculture minister and chancellor of two universities and who was close to President Ali Abdullah Saleh, the country’s authoritarian leader. Anwar was sent to Azal Modern School, among the country’s most prestigious private schools.

“I recall Anwar as a skinny teenager with brains,” said Walid al-Saqaf, a neighbor in the 1980s in Sana, the Yemeni capital. For boys of their generation, Afghanistan and its fight to oust the godless Soviet Army was the greatest cause.

“There was constant talk of the heroes who were leaving Yemen to join the fight and become martyrs and go to paradise,” recalled Mr. Saqaf, now a doctoral student in Sweden. In the Awlakis’ neighborhood, families would gather to watch the latest videotapes of the mujahedeen, he said.

But Nasser al-Awlaki had other ideas for his son, who studied civil engineering in Colorado in preparation for the kind of technocratic career his father had pursued. There was one odd note, given the family’s relative wealth: just after arriving, Anwar applied for a Social Security number and claimed falsely he had been born in Yemen, evidently to qualify for scholarship money reserved for foreign citizens.

Yusuf Siddiqui, a fellow student who was active with Mr. Awlaki in the mosque and the Muslim Student Association, said there were regular reminders of his Yemeni upbringing.

“If you made some pop culture reference, he might not recognize it,” Mr. Siddiqui said. Once, Anwar astonished his Americanized friends by climbing a nearby mountain barefoot. “He just said, ‘That’s how we do it in Yemen,’” Mr. Siddiqui recalled.

Accustomed to Yemeni mores, he was not comfortable interacting with women. Once, when a female American student stopped by the Muslim Student Association to ask for help with math homework, “He said to me in a low tone of voice, ‘Why don’t you do it?’” Mr. Siddiqui said.

Still, Mr. Awlaki was neither among the most conservative Muslim students nor among the libertines who tossed aside religious restrictions on drinking and sex. He ran successfully for president of the Muslim Student Association against a Saudi student who was far stricter.

“I remember Anwar saying, ‘He would want your mom to cover her face. I’m not like that,’” Mr. Siddiqui said.

His vacation trip to Afghanistan, around the time the Soviet-backed Communist government fell from power, appears to have brought a new interest in the nexus of politics and religion. He wore an Eritrean T-shirt and the Afghan hat and quoted Abdullah Azzam, a prominent Palestinian scholar who provided theological justification for the Afghan jihad and was later known as a mentor to Osama bin Laden.

Meanwhile, at the Islamic Center of Fort Collins, the little mosque where volunteers took turns giving the Friday sermon, Mr. Awlaki discovered a knack for preaching. If he could boast of no deep scholarship, he knew the Koran and the sayings of the prophet, spoke fluent English and had a light touch.

“He was very knowledgeable,” said Mumtaz Hussain, 71, a Pakistani immigrant active in the mosque for two decades. “He was an excellent person — very nice, dedicated to religion.”

He expressed no anti-American sentiments, said Mr. Hussain, whose son served in the National Guard. “This is our motherland now. People would not tolerate sermons of that kind,” he said.

Years later, on his blog, Mr. Awlaki would compare Thomas Gradgrind, Charles Dickens’s notoriously utilitarian headmaster in “Hard Times,” “to some Muslim parents who are programmed to think that only medicine or engineering are worthy professions for their children.”

It sounds like a hint at his own experience, and some family acquaintances say there was tension between Anwar and his father over career choices. But in 1994, Mr. Awlaki married a cousin from Yemen — whom by custom he did not introduce to his male friends — left behind engineering, and took a part-time job as imam at the Denver Islamic Society.

‘He Had a Beautiful Tongue’

Like many an evangelical Christian pastor, Mr. Awlaki preached against vice and sin, lauded family values and parsed the scripture, winning fans and rising to successively larger mosques.

In Denver, however, there was an episode that might have been an omen. A Saudi student at the University of Denver told an elder that he had decided, with Mr. Awlaki’s encouragement, to travel to Chechnya to join the jihad against the Russians. The elder, a Palestinian American in his 60s, thought it ill advised and confronted Mr. Awlaki in a loud argument.

“He had a beautiful tongue,” recalled the elder, who asked not to be named. “But I told him: ‘Don’t talk to my people about jihad.’ He left two weeks later.”

At 25, he landed for five years at Arribat al-Islami, a stucco building with blue-green tile under a towering palm tree at the edge of San Diego. “He lit up when he was with the youth,” said Jamal Ali, 40, an airport driver. He played soccer with younger children and took teenagers paintballing. “I saw him evolving in trying to understand where he fit into Islam,” Mr. Ali said.

Lincoln W. Higgie III, 71, an art dealer who lived across quiet Saranac Street from the mosque and the small adjoining house where Mr. Awlaki lived with his wife and two toddlers, recalls an engaging neighbor who apologized about parking problems that came with the flood of Friday worshipers.

On Thursdays, Mr. Higgie remembered, Mr. Awlaki liked to go fishing for albacore, and he would often bring over a sample of the catch, deliciously prepared by his wife. The Awlakis’ son and daughter would play on Mr. Higgie’s floor, chasing his pet macaw, while the men compared notes on their travels.

“I remember he was very partial to the Blue Mosque in Istanbul,” Mr. Higgie said. He detected no hostility to non-Muslims, no simmering resentment against America.

In his private life, he was not always puritanical. Even as he preached about the sanctity of marriage amid the temptations of American life (“especially in Western societies, every haram is available,” he said, using the Arabic word for the forbidden), he was picked up twice by the San Diego police for soliciting prostitutes; he was given probation.

He displayed a very American entrepreneurial streak, exploring a possible business importing Yemeni honey and attending seminars in Las Vegas focused on investing in gold and minerals (and once losing $20,000 lent by relatives). Eventually a regular at the mosque proposed a venture that would prove hugely successful: recording Mr. Awlaki’s lectures on CD.

Starting in 2000, Mr. Awlaki would record a series of highly popular boxed sets — three, totaling 53 CDs, devoted to the “Life of Muhammad” alone; others covering the lesser prophets of Islam (including Moses and Jesus), the companions of the prophet and an account of the hereafter.

The recordings appear free of obvious radicalism. (IslamicBookstore.com has added a notice to its Web listings of Mr. Awlaki’s work, saying the recording “has been reviewed and does not contain any extremist statements.”)

Shakir Muhammad, a Fort Collins engineer who is active in the mosque there, said he became a fan of the CD sets, finding them enthralling even on repeated listening. Only once did a passage give him pause; Mr. Awlaki discussed suicidal violence and did not quite condemn it.

“I thought, ‘This guy may be for it,’” Mr. Muhammad said. “It bothered me.”

A Mysterious Goodbye

One day in August 2001, Mr. Awlaki knocked at the door of Mr. Higgie, his neighbor, to say goodbye. He had moved the previous year to Virginia, becoming imam at the far bigger Dar al-Hijrah mosque, and he had returned to pick up a few things he had left behind.

As Mr. Higgie tells it, he told the imam to stop by if he was ever in the area — and got a strange response. “He said, ‘I don’t think you’ll be seeing me. I won’t be coming back to San Diego again. Later on you’ll find out why,’” Mr. Higgie said.

The next month, when Al Qaeda attacked New York and Washington, Mr. Higgie remembered the exchange and was shaken, convinced that his friendly neighbor had some advance warning of the Sept. 11 attacks.

In fact, the F.B.I. had first taken an interest in Mr. Awlaki in 1999, concerned about brushes with militants that to this day remain difficult to interpret. In 1998 and 1999, he was a vice president of a small Islamic charity that an F.B.I. agent later testified was “a front organization to funnel money to terrorists.” He had been visited by Ziyad Khaleel, a Qaeda operative who purchased a battery for Osama bin Laden’s satellite phone, as well as by an associate of Omar Abdel Rahman, the so-called Blind Sheik, who was serving a life sentence for plotting to blow up New York landmarks.

Still more disturbing was Mr. Awlaki’s links to two future Sept. 11 hijackers, Khalid al-Midhar and Nawaq Alhazmi. They prayed at his San Diego mosque and were seen in long conferences with the cleric. Mr. Alhazmi would follow the imam to his new mosque in Virginia, and 9/11 investigators would call Mr. Awlaki Mr. Alhazmi’s “spiritual adviser.”

The F.B.I., whose agents interviewed Mr. Awlaki four times in the days after the Sept. 11 attacks, concluded that his contacts with the hijackers and other radicals were random, the inevitable consequence of living in the small world of Islam in America. But records of the 9/11 commission at the National Archives make clear that not all investigators agreed.

One detective, whose name has been redacted, told the commission he believed Mr. Awlaki “was at the center of the 9/11 story.” An F.B.I. agent, also unidentified, said that “if anyone had knowledge of the plot, it would have been” the cleric, since “someone had to be in the U.S. and keep the hijackers spiritually focused.”

The 9/11 commission staff members themselves had sharp arguments about him. “Do I think he played a role in helping the hijackers here, knowing they were up to something?” said one staff member, who would speak only on condition of anonymity. “Yes. Do I think he was sent here for that purpose? I have no evidence for it.”

The separate Congressional Joint Inquiry into the attacks suspected that Mr. Awlaki might have been part of a support network for the hijackers, said Eleanor Hill, its director. “There’s no smoking gun. But we thought somebody ought to investigate him,” Ms. Hill said.

Alarmed about Mr. Awlaki’s possible Sept. 11 connections, a State Department investigator, Raymond Fournier, found a circuitous way to charge Mr. Awlaki with passport fraud, based on his false claim after entering the United States in 1990 that he had been born in Yemen.

A warrant was issued, but prosecutors in Colorado rescinded it, concluding that no criminal case could be made. Mr. Awlaki returned from a trip abroad in October 2002 — an act some colleagues say was evidence for his innocence of any 9/11 role — for what would prove to be his last stay in the United States.

During that trip, he visited Ali al-Timimi, a Virginia cleric later convicted for encouraging Muslims to join the fight against American troops in Afghanistan. Mr. Awlaki “attempted to get al-Timimi to discuss issues related to the recruitment of young Muslims,” according to a motion filed in his criminal case. Mr. Timimi wondered if Mr. Awlaki might be trying to entrap him at the F.B.I.’s instigation, his friends say.

But if Mr. Awlaki was cooperating with the government, it would have astonished his associates. As the American authorities rounded up Muslim men after 9/11, he had grown furious.

After raids in March 2002 on Muslim institutions and community leaders in Virginia, Mr. Awlaki led a chorus of outrage, noting that some of the targets were widely viewed as moderates.

“So this is not now a war on terrorism, we need to all be clear about this, this is a war on Muslims!” Mr. Awlaki declared, his voice shaking with anger. “Not only is it happening worldwide, but it’s happening right here in America that is claiming to be fighting this war for the sake of freedom.”

Around that time, Johari Abdul-Malik, a former Howard University chaplain who was joining the staff at Mr. Awlaki’s Virginia mosque, met him at a cafe. Mr. Awlaki said he planned to leave the United States.

“I tried to convince him that the atmosphere was not as bad as he thought, that it was a positive time for outreach,” Mr. Abdul-Malik recalled. But Mr. Awlaki was shaken by what he saw as an anti-Muslim backlash. And always fond of the limelight, Mr. Abdul-Malik said, Mr. Awlaki was looking for a bigger platform.

“He said he might have a TV show for the gulf,” Mr. Abdul-Malik said. “He might run for Parliament in Yemen. Or he might teach.”

‘Never Trust a Kuffar’

In a bare lecture room in London, where Mr. Awlaki moved after leaving the United States, he addressed his rapt, young followers, urging them never to believe a non-Muslim, or kuffar in Arabic.

“The important lesson to learn here is never, ever trust a kuffar,” he said, chopping the air, his lecture caught on video. “Do not trust them!”

The unbelievers are “plotting to kill this religion,” he declared. “They’re plotting night and day.”

If he had the same knowing tone and touches of humor as in earlier sermons, his message was more conspiratorial. You can’t believe CNN, the United Nations, or Amnesty International, he told his students, because they, too, were part of the war on Islam.

“We need to wisen up and not be duped,” Mr. Awlaki said. “Malcolm X said, ‘We’ve been bamboozled.’”

Many of his young British Muslim listeners, accustomed to preachers with heavy accents and an otherworldly focus, were entranced by his mix of the ancient and the contemporary, his seamless transition from the 29 battles of the Prophet Muhammad to the wars in Afghanistan and Iraq. “He was the main man who translated the jihad into English,” said Abu Yahiya, 27, a Bangladeshi-British student of Mr. Awlaki’s lectures in 2003.

At a personal level, said Mr. Rahman, one of the students who studied with Mr. Awlaki in 2003, Mr. Awlaki made it clear that they could no longer pretend to be Muslims while going clubbing at night.

“I could not be Mohammed in the morning and ‘Mo’ in the evening,” he said.

Mr. Awlaki’s demand that they make a choice, devoting themselves to a harsh, fundamentalist strain of Islam, offered clarity, he said.

“It would hit the audience automatically in their hearts and minds,” Mr. Rahman said. When others claimed the popular cleric was brainwashing them, Mr. Rahman said, “When you got a lot of dirt in your brain, you need a washing. I believe he did brainwash me.”

Mr. Awlaki’s fame grew, his CDs kept selling, and he traveled around Britain lecturing. But he had a hard time supporting himself, according to people who knew him, and in 2004 he had moved to Yemen to preach and study.

In mid-2006, after he intervened in a tribal dispute, Mr. Awlaki was imprisoned for 18 months by the Yemeni authorities. By his later account on his blog, he was in solitary confinement nearly the entire time and used it to study the Koran, to read literature (he enjoyed Dickens but disliked Shakespeare) and eventually, when it was permitted, to study Islamic scholarship.

Notably, he was enraptured by the works of Sayyid Qutb, an Egyptian whose time in the United States helped make him the father of the modern anti-Western jihadist movement in Islam.

“Because of the flowing style of Sayyid I would read between 100 and 150 pages a day,” Mr. Awlaki wrote. “I would be so immersed with the author I would feel Sayyid was with me in my cell speaking to me directly.”

Two F.B.I. agents questioned him in the Yemeni prison, and Mr. Awlaki blamed the United States for his prolonged incarceration. He was right; John D. Negroponte, then the director of national intelligence, told Yemeni officials that the United States did not object to his detention, according to American and Yemeni sources.

But by the end of 2007, American officials, some of whom were disturbed at the imprisonment without charges of a United States citizen, signaled that they no longer insisted on Mr. Awlaki’s incarceration, and he was released.

“He was different after that — harder,” said a Yemeni man who knows Mr. Awlaki well.

Mr. Awlaki started his own Web site, reaching a larger audience than ever. But finding that he was constantly followed by Yemeni security in Sana, the capital, he moved to the house of an uncle in Shabwa, the rugged southern province and his tribe’s traditional turf.

Last October, friends said, he heard the distant whine of a drone aircraft circling overhead. Worried that he was endangering his relatives, he fled to the mountains. While his role is unclear in Al Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula, the terrorist network’s Yemeni affiliate, American officials believe he has become “operational,” plotting, not just inspiring, terrorism against the West.

From his hide-out, Mr. Awlaki sends out the occasional video message. But his reported influence on the Times Square bombing suspect, Mr. Shahzad, suggests that no matter what happens to him, his electronic legacy is secure. His message will endure in hundreds of audio and video clips that his followers have posted to the Web, a mix of religious stories and incitement, awaiting the curious and the troubled.

Mr. Awlaki’s transformation has left a trail of bewilderment, apprehension and fury among many people who knew and worshiped with him in the United States. Mr. Siddiqui, his college friend, said he was “surprised and disappointed.”

“He’s turning his back not only on the country where he was born but on his Muslim brothers and sisters in this country,” he said.

Mr. Abdul-Malik said that his former fellow imam at the Virginia mosque “is a terrorist, in my book” and that Mr. Awlaki and his like-thinkers were trying to reduce Islam to a “medieval narrative. It’s the Hatfields and the McCoys: you hit me, I hit you.”

Some Muslim families have asked whether they should keep Mr. Awlaki’s scriptural CDs, Mr. Abdul-Malik said. He tells them it is their decision, but he has advised shops not to carry even the earlier, benign Awlaki material.

Scott Shane reported from Washington, and Souad Mekhennet from London. Robert F. Worth contributed reporting from Sana, Yemen.


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